SNP-based Desktop Biometric Device for Rapid, Low-cost Verification of Identity and Kinship and Confirmation of Identity by Physical Traits

Award Information
Agency:
Department of Homeland Security
Branch
n/a
Amount:
$99,037.00
Award Year:
2009
Program:
SBIR
Phase:
Phase I
Contract:
NBCHC090036
Award Id:
89661
Agency Tracking Number:
0911018
Solicitation Year:
n/a
Solicitation Topic Code:
n/a
Solicitation Number:
n/a
Small Business Information
Parabon Nanolabs, Inc. (Currently PARABON COMPUTATION, INC.)
11260 Roger Bacon Drive, Suite 406, Reston, VA, 20190
Hubzone Owned:
N
Minority Owned:
N
Woman Owned:
N
Duns:
n/a
Principal Investigator:
Steven Armentrout
(703) 689-9689
sarmentrout@parabon.com
Business Contact:
Paula Gawthorp-Armentrout
(703) 689-9689
sarmentrout@parabon.com
Research Institution:
n/a
Abstract
DNA has the potential to provide vast amounts of biometric information. However, the current method of analyzing DNA - which produces biometric signatures from sequences of "junk" DNA called short tandem repeats (STRs) - falls far short of realizing this potential. STR signatures are information-poor and the technology required to produce them is terminally incapable of supporting fast, automated analysis. In particular, electrophoresis, an essential step in the readout of STRs, has inherent time, size and reproducibility limitations that prevent its use for rapid, low-cost biometric verification. Parabon NanoLabs proposes to overcome these limitations by using single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs - pronounced "snips") to form biometric signatures. An easy-to-use, desktop biometric device is proposed, based on a novel "SNP chip," that reads designated SNPs to produce information-rich biometric signatures. It uses these signatures to automatically verify identity and kinship in less than one hour at a cost of under USD 50. The resultant SNP signatures will also provide physical trait information, such as hair and eye color - a capability not possible with STRs. The proposed technology can be further miniaturized to produce a high-speed, handheld biometric device having enormous commercial value across the homeland security, law enforcement, and defense industries.

* information listed above is at the time of submission.

Agency Micro-sites


SBA logo

Department of Agriculture logo

Department of Commerce logo

Department of Defense logo

Department of Education logo

Department of Energy logo

Department of Health and Human Services logo

Department of Homeland Security logo

Department of Transportation logo

Enviromental Protection Agency logo

National Aeronautics and Space Administration logo

National Science Foundation logo
US Flag An Official Website of the United States Government