High Efficiency Refrigeration Process

Award Information
Agency:
National Aeronautics and Space Administration
Branch
n/a
Amount:
$589,073.00
Award Year:
2005
Program:
SBIR
Phase:
Phase II
Contract:
NNJ05JA10C
Agency Tracking Number:
033066
Solicitation Year:
2003
Solicitation Topic Code:
F3.01
Solicitation Number:
n/a
Small Business Information
Paragon Space Development Corp.
2700 E. Executive Dr., Suite 100, Tucson, AZ, 85706-7151
Hubzone Owned:
N
Socially and Economically Disadvantaged:
N
Woman Owned:
Y
Duns:
83700229
Principal Investigator:
David Bergeron
Principal Investigator
(520) 903-1000
dbergeron@paragonsdc.com
Business Contact:
Taber MacCallum
CEO
(520) 903-1000
tmaccallum@paragonsdc.com
Research Institution:
n/a
Abstract
It has been proposed by NASA JSC studies, that the most mass efficient (non-nuclear) method of Lunar habitat cooling is via photovoltaic (PV) direct vapor compression refrigeration. This system uses a thermal radiator, a solar PV array, and a vapor compression refrigeration device. Such a system significantly reduces total system mass as compared to an all radiator cooling architecture. Since the start of initial prototype testing in the mid 1990s, several refrigeration systems have been proposed, studied, built, and tested. The basic goal of each system has been to achieve the highest possible efficiency at the optimal system lift. Most notably, a two-stage refrigeration system and an expander turbine for a single-stage system were developed. Both sought to eliminate or recover the energy loss associated with irreversible expansion at the throttling valve, but both fell short of efficiency targets. Then, Paragon proposed a novel refrigeration architecture that was successfully demonstrated during the Phase I period. This system can achieve, in theory, near Carnot efficiency limits and does so in a practical and achievable way. Not only can this technology provide significantly improved performance (reduced weight) for NASA's Lunar habitat cooling application, but it has excellent potential as a commercial product.

* information listed above is at the time of submission.

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