ACOUSTIC MONITOR FOR KIDNEY/GALLSTONE BREAKUP BY LASERS

Award Information
Agency:
Department of Health and Human Services
Branch
n/a
Amount:
$226,000.00
Award Year:
1987
Program:
SBIR
Phase:
Phase II
Contract:
n/a
Agency Tracking Number:
4893
Solicitation Year:
n/a
Solicitation Topic Code:
n/a
Solicitation Number:
n/a
Small Business Information
Physical Sciences, Inc.
Dascomb Research Park, Po Box 3100, Andover, MA, 01810
Hubzone Owned:
N
Socially and Economically Disadvantaged:
N
Woman Owned:
N
Duns:
n/a
Principal Investigator:
Dr David I Rosen
Principal Investigator
(617) 475-9030
Business Contact:
() -
Research Institution:
n/a
Abstract
A SERIES OF LABORATORY EXPERIMENTS WILL BE CONDUCTED TO INVESTIGATE THE FEASIBILITY OF USING AN ACOUSTIC-BASED DETECTION TECHNIQUE AS A REAL-TIME, IN SITU INDICATOR FOR LASER-INDUCED KIDNEY/GALLSTONE FRAGMENTATION. THE AIM WILL BE TO ESTABLISH A RELIABLE CORRELATION BETWEEN THE ACHIEVE- MENT OF STONE DEMISE DUE TO LASER-DRIVEN FRAGMENTATION AND THE RESULTING ACOUSTIC SIGNATURE GENERATED. IF SUCCESSFUL, SUCH A DIAGNOSTIC TECHNIQUE WOULD PROVIDE AN EXTREMELY VALUABLE, NONVISUAL, AND INSTANTANEOUS MONITOR DURING THE CLINICAL PROCEDURE. IN ADDITION TO INDICATING WHEN STONE FRAGMENTATION IS COMPLETE, THE ACOUSTIC MONITOR COULD AID INPINPOINTING THE LASER PROBE AND GUIDING THE SELECTION OF OF LASER POWER LEVEL. THE METHODOLOGY FOR ACHIEVING THESE GOALS WILL INVOLVE, FOR THE PHASE I GRANT, PERFORMING WELL- CONTROLLED AND WELL-DIAGNOSED LABORATORY EXPERIMENTS ON A VARIETY OF KIDNEY AND GALLSTONE SAMPLES IRRADIATED BY A REPETITIVELY PULSED TUNEABLE DYE LASER. STONE RESPONSE WILLBE CHARACTERIZED USING IN SITU DIAGNOSTICS SUCH AS HYDRO- PHONES, AN IMPULSE DETECTOR, AND HIGH SPEED PHOTOGRAPHY AS WELL AS POST-TEST ANALYSIS FOR STONE MASS LOSS AND FRAGMENT SIZE DISTRIBUTION. THE PRINCIPAL AIM OF THE EXPERIMENTS WILL BE TO ESTABLISH A RELIABLE CORRELATION BETWEEN THE CHARACTER AND DEGREE OF STONE FRAGMENTATION AND THE RESULTING ACOUSTIC SIGNATURE OBSERVED.

* information listed above is at the time of submission.

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