FUEL CELL CATALYST FOR DIRECT OXIDATION OF METHANOL

Award Information
Agency:
Department of Defense
Branch
Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency
Amount:
$50,000.00
Award Year:
1991
Program:
SBIR
Phase:
Phase I
Contract:
n/a
Agency Tracking Number:
15231
Solicitation Year:
n/a
Solicitation Topic Code:
n/a
Solicitation Number:
n/a
Small Business Information
Psi Technology Company
20 New England Business Center, Andover, MA, 01810
Hubzone Owned:
N
Minority Owned:
N
Woman Owned:
N
Duns:
n/a
Principal Investigator:
George Taylor
Principal Investigator
(213) 204-5050
Business Contact:
() -
Research Institution:
n/a
Abstract
BASED ON RECENTLY GENERATED NEW EXPERIMENTAL KNOWLEDGE CONCERNING THE ELECTROCHEMICAL OXIDATION OF METHANOL, WE PROPOSE TO PREPARE INNOVATIVE HIGH SURFACE AREA CARBON SUPPORTED ALLOY ELECTROCATALYSTS WITH CONTROLLED CRYSTALLOGRAPHIC SURFACES. THESE PREPARED MATERIALS WILL BE CHARATERIZED WITH RESPECT TO PARTICLE SIZE, SHAPE, CRYSTAL STRUCTURE, AND SURFACE COMPOSITION USING TEM, XRD, AND EXAFS.ELECTROCHEMICAL EVALUATION WILL BE DONE WITH CYCLIC VOLTAMMETRY, ROTATING DISC ELECTRODE, AND IN-SITU EXAFS TECHNIQUES. ANALYSIS OF THIS DATA WILL YIELD INFORMATION REGARDING THE KINETICS AND MECHANISM OF METHANOL OXIDATION AS WELL AS PROJECTED PERFORMANCE OF A DIRECT METHANOL FUEL CELL. THE EXPECTED IMPROVEMENT OF THESE INNOVATIVE CATALYSTS IS 500 TO 600 MV IN ANODE PERFORMANCE AND WOULD LEAD TO A VIABLE DIRECT METHANOL FUEL CELL. ANTICIPATED BENEFITS/POTENTIAL COMMERCIAL APPLICATIONS - THE SUCCESSFUL DEVELOPMENT OF AN ELECTROCATALYST WITH HIGH ACTIVITY AND STABILITY FOR METHANOL OXIDATION WOULD LEAD TO DIRECT METHANOL-AIR FUEL CELL POWER SOURCES. THE MAJOR ADVANTAGES OF THESE FUEL CELLS ARE 1) OPERATION ON NON-PETROLEUM DOMESTIC FUELS, AND 2) "CLEAN" AND EFFICIENT OPERATION. AN IMPORTANT COMMERCIAL APPLICATION OF THE DIRECT METHANOL-AIR FUEL CELL IS IN THE AREA OF ELECTRIC POWERED VEHICLES. IMPORTANT MILITARY APPLICATIONS INCLUDE SUBMARINES, SPACE PLATFORMS, AND UNMANNED UNDERWATER VEHICLES.

* information listed above is at the time of submission.

Agency Micro-sites


SBA logo

Department of Agriculture logo

Department of Commerce logo

Department of Defense logo

Department of Education logo

Department of Energy logo

Department of Health and Human Services logo

Department of Homeland Security logo

Department of Transportation logo

Enviromental Protection Agency logo

National Aeronautics and Space Administration logo

National Science Foundation logo
US Flag An Official Website of the United States Government