PLANTS

Award Information
Agency:
National Science Foundation
Branch
n/a
Amount:
$35,000.00
Award Year:
1983
Program:
SBIR
Phase:
Phase I
Contract:
n/a
Agency Tracking Number:
734
Solicitation Year:
n/a
Solicitation Topic Code:
n/a
Solicitation Number:
n/a
Small Business Information
Plant Resources Institute
360 Wakara Way, Salt Lake City, UT, 84108
Hubzone Owned:
N
Socially and Economically Disadvantaged:
N
Woman Owned:
N
Duns:
n/a
Principal Investigator:
M.F. BALDWIN/J.A. KLOCKE
PRINCIPAL INVESTIGATOR
() -
Business Contact:
() -
Research Institution:
n/a
Abstract
THE NEED FOR NEW CHEMICALS WITH WHICH TO CONTROL AGRICULTURAL INSECT PESTS IS IMMEDIATE DUE TO PROBLEMS OF INSECT RESISTANCE, RESURGENCE, AND ENVIRONMENTAL CONTAMINATION ASSOCIATED WITH CONVENTIONAL INSECTICIDES. THEELUCIDATION OF BIOLOGICAL ACTIVE CHEMICAL CONSTITUENCY OF PLANTS, ESPECIALLY THOSE STRESSED ENVIRONMENTS SUCH AS ARID AND SEMI-ARID REGIONS, IS EXPECTED TO PROVIDE MODELS FOR, ORTO BE SOURCES OF, NEW CHEMICAL INSECT CONTROL AGENTS. THESE EXPECTATIONS HAVE LED TO THE DISCOVERY OF FOUR SPECIES OF XEROPHYTIC PLANTS INCLUDING TAMARIX CHINENSIS TAMARICACEAE, QUERCUS GAMBELLI (FAGACEAE), ERODIUM CICUTARIUM (GERANIACEAE), AND CISTUS VILLOSUS (CISTACEAE) WHICH HAVE BEEN SCREENED FROM 900 SPECIES OF PLANTS AS HAVING THE GREATEST BIOLOGICAL ACTIVITY AGAINST THE TOBACCO BUDWORM, HELIOTHIS VIRESCENS. RESEARCH DESIGNED IN PHASE I INCLUDES THE ISOLATION, IDENTIFICATION, AND BIOASSAY OF THE BIOACTIVE CHEMICAL CONSTITUENCIES OF THE FOUR PLANT SPECIES.UPON COMPLETION, PHASE I RESEARCH WILL SERVE TO GUIDE THE DEVELOPMENT IN PHASE II OF THE MOST PROMISING OF THE BIOACTIVE NATURAL PLANT PRODUCTS AS SOURCES AND/OR MODELS OFNEW COMMERCIAL INSECT CONTROL AGENTS.

* information listed above is at the time of submission.

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