Novel Liquid Sorbents for CO2 Capture from Coal-Fired Power Plants "Advanced Separation and Capture Techniques for CO2 Produced by Existing Coal-Fired Power Plants

Award Information
Agency: Department of Energy
Branch: N/A
Contract: DE-FG02-08ER84956
Agency Tracking Number: 86138
Amount: $99,647.00
Phase: Phase I
Program: SBIR
Awards Year: 2008
Solicitation Year: 2008
Solicitation Topic Code: 59 a
Solicitation Number: DE-PS02-07ER07-36
Small Business Information
1814 19th Street, Golden, CO, 80401
DUNS: 196231166
HUBZone Owned: N
Woman Owned: N
Socially and Economically Disadvantaged: N
Principal Investigator
 David Wickham
 Dr.
 (720) 352-2716
 wickham@reactionsystemsllc.com
Business Contact
 David Wickham
Title: Dr.
Phone: (203) 522-7161
Email: wickham@reactionsystemsllc.com
Research Institution
N/A
Abstract
The world-wide demand for power is increasing while petroleum feed stocks are rapidly being depleted. Although known coal reserves could satisfy the world¿s energy demands for the next 60 years, coal is also a large producer of CO2, and its use could result in increased climate change. While amine-based CO2 capture techniques have shown promise, the energy needed to regenerate the solvent increases the thermal input requirement of the power plant by about 40%. This project will develop a novel CO2 scrubbing solution that has a high capacity for CO2 but requires little or no thermal energy for desorption. Overall, this process could capture 90% of the CO2 in the effluent of a coal-fired power plant without increasing cost by more than 25%. In Phase I, laboratory-scale experiments will be carried out to size the scrubber and stripper, and characterize the loading under representative conditions. Phase II will optimize the process and construct a pilot scale demonstration rig that will be used on the slip stream of an operating power plant. Commercial Applications and other Benefits as described by the awardee: A cost effective method for CO2 capture should find immediate commercial application in coal-fired power plants, particularly as more emphasis is placed on reducing CO2 emissions. The system should become the preferred technology for the 4,000 power generating plants that currently use coal.

* Information listed above is at the time of submission. *

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