Satellite Threat and Environmental Effects Assessments for Defensive Counterspace
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AbstractSatellites and other spacecraft are a key asset and critical vulnerability in our communications, surveillance and defense infrastructure. Space Situational Awareness (SSA) and Defensive Counterspace (DCS) efforts are aimed at leveraging the massive amounts of data gathered from ground, air and space based sensors to monitor and ideally protect these assets. While there has been much work on data fusion in this area, the efforts to date have not yielded estimates of impact and cost of a given situation or suggested courses of action (level 3 data fusion). This gap is largely due to an absence of historical data relevant to hostile threat scenarios and other anomalous conditions that require countermeasures to ensure continued satellite functioning. The proposed technology leverages Automatic Red Teaming (ART) agent based simulation techniques to generate realistic data relevant to likely threat scenarios - including estimated impact and course of action evaluations. This simulated data can then be analyzed (akin to lower level data fusion approaches) in order to support automatic detection, categorization, and countermeasure suggestion for future satellite data.
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