QUANTIFICATION OF CONSERVATISMS IN SEISMIC RISK ESTIMATES THROUGH ENGINEERING ADVANCEMENT OF SEISMIC PRA

Award Information
Agency: Nuclear Regulatory Commission
Branch: N/A
Contract: N/A
Agency Tracking Number: 10993
Amount: $106,223.00
Phase: Phase II
Program: SBIR
Awards Year: 1991
Solicitation Year: N/A
Solicitation Topic Code: N/A
Solicitation Number: N/A
Small Business Information
5255 Pine Ridge Road, Golden, CO, 80403
DUNS: N/A
HUBZone Owned: N
Woman Owned: N
Socially and Economically Disadvantaged: N
Principal Investigator
 () -
Business Contact
Phone: () -
Research Institution
N/A
Abstract
SIGNIFICANT CONSERVATISM IN MODERN SEISMIC PRA DERIVES FROM SIMPLIFICATIONS IN GROUND-MOTION CHARACTERIZATION AT THE INTERFACE OF SEISMIC HAZARD AND FRAGILITY METHODOLOGIES. THIS CONSERVATISM ARISES BECAUSE A SINGLE COMPOSITE-MAGNITUDE, BROAD-BAND, GROUND-MOTION SPECTRUM IS USED TO DERIVE FRAGILITY FUNCTIONS, WHEREAS THE MAJORITY OF MOTIONS CONTRIBUTING TO SITE HAZARD HAVE (LESS-DAMAGING) NARROW-BAND SPECTRA. THIS RESEARCH REFINES MOTION CHARACTERIZATION, USING EXPLICIT MULTIPLE, MAGNITUDE-DEPENDENT SPECTRA, AND DEVELOPS MAGNITUDE-DEPENDENT FRAGILITIES AND MAGNITUDE-DECOMPOSED HAZARDS, TO QUANTIFY CONSERVATISMS IN SEISMIC PRAS. FOR AN EXISTING PRA, THIS WORK WILL FIRST IMPLEMENT ADVANCED LINEAR AND NONLINEAR STRUCTURAL AND COMPONENT MODELS, AND CALIBRATE THESE AGAINST EXISTING PRA FRAGILITIES, USING MOTIONS CHARACTERISTIC OF THE COMPOSITE-MAGNITUDE SPECTRUM. THEN, NEW, MAGNITUDE-DEPENDENT FRAGILITIES WILL BE DEVELOPED WITH THE CALIBRATED MODELS, USING SEVERAL SITE-SPECIFIC GROUND MOTIONS. SIMULATIONS USING AVAILABLE BOOLEAN LOGIC WILL BE CONDUCTED TO CONSTRUCT PLANT-LEVEL, MAGNITUDE DEPENDENT FRAGILITIES. SEISMIC HAZARD WILL BE COMPUTED AND DECOMPOSED INTO MAGNITUDE RANGES SPECIFIC TO THE NEW FRAGILITIES. FINALLY, HAZARD/FRAGILITY CONVOLUTIONS WILL BE PERFORMED TO OBTAIN AN ACCURATE SEISMIC CORE-MELT FREQUENCY DISTRIBUTION. COMPREHENSIVE COMPARISON OF THE PRA AND THE NEW ASSESSMENT WILL BE MADE, DELINEATING THE SPECIFIC NATURE OF CONSERVATISMS IN CURRENT PRACTICE.

* Information listed above is at the time of submission. *

Agency Micro-sites

SBA logo
Department of Agriculture logo
Department of Commerce logo
Department of Defense logo
Department of Education logo
Department of Energy logo
Department of Health and Human Services logo
Department of Homeland Security logo
Department of Transportation logo
Environmental Protection Agency logo
National Aeronautics and Space Administration logo
National Science Foundation logo
US Flag An Official Website of the United States Government