THE ROLE OF SOLID PHASE IMPURITIES IN DISLOCATIONS AND THE CHARACTERIZATION OF THESE DEFECTS IN SINGLE CRYSTAL CULTURED QUARTZ.

Award Information
Agency:
National Science Foundation
Branch:
N/A
Amount:
$184,000.00
Award Year:
1986
Program:
SBIR
Phase:
Phase II
Contract:
N/A
Agency Tracking Number:
1646
Solicitation Year:
N/A
Solicitation Topic Code:
N/A
Solicitation Number:
N/A
Small Business Information
Sawyer Research Products Inc.
35400 Lakeland Blvd., Eastlake, OH, 44094
Hubzone Owned:
N
Socially and Economically Disadvantaged:
N
Woman Owned:
N
Duns:
N/A
Principal Investigator
 Dr. Baldwin Sawyer
 Director
 () -
Business Contact
 DR. BALDWIN SAWYER
Title: DIRECTOR OF TECHNOLOGY
Phone: () -
Research Institution
N/A
Abstract
THE MANUFACTURING PROCESS APPLIED TO QUARTZ CRYSTAL FREQUENCY CONTROL COMPONENTS IS SEVERELY CONSTRAINED BY DEFECTS PRESENT IN THE CULTURED QUARTZ MATERIALS. ATTEMPTS BY CRYSTAL COMPONENT MAKERS TO ADAPT LOW COST, HIGH QUALITY BATCH PHOTOLITHOGRAPHIC PROCESSING TECHNIQUES PIONEERED BY THE SEMICONDUCTOR INDUSTRY ARE BLOCKED BY THE INABILITY OF CURRENT QUARTZ TO WITHSTAND STRONG ETCHANTS. THE QUARTZ WAFERS DEVELOP ETCH PIPES OR HOLES WHICH SERIOUSLY REDUCED YIELDS. ETCH PIPES APPEAR TO RESULT FROM BUNDLES OF CRYSTAL DISLOCATIONS DECORATED WITH IMPURITIES. THE ROLE OF INCLUSIONS ON CREATING DISLOCATIONS IN SINGLE CRYSTAL CULTURED QUARTZ IS INVESTIGATED. MATERIAL IS CHARACTERIZED USING X-RAY TOPOGRAPHY, AND AMMONIUM BIFLUORIDE ETCHANTS TO HIGHLIGHT BUNDLED, DECORATED DISLOCATIONS PRONE TO ETCH PIPE FORMATION. GROWTH CHAMBER WALL CONDITIONS, AN IMPORTANT FACTOR IN CREATING SOLID INCLUSIONS ARE VARIED BY UTILIZING MECHANICAL AND CHEMICAL CLEANING PROCEDURES. ADDITIONALLY, RAW MATERIALS AND PROCESS SOLUTIONS ARE PURIFIED. THE FEASIBILITY OF IMPROVING DISLOCATION DENSITIES IN CRYSTALS IS STUDIED. THE SUCCESSFUL REDUCTION OF RESEARCH TO DEVELOPMENT AND EVENTUAL PRODUCTION WOULD ALLOW U.S. CRYSTAL FABRICATORS TO INTRODUCE INNOVATIVE PHOTOLITHOGRAPHIC PRODUCTION METHODS TO REDUCE, IMPROVE, QUALITY AND REGAIN COMPETITIVE ADVANTAGE WITH ASIAN FABRICATORS.

* information listed above is at the time of submission.

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