A COMMUNICATION AND CONTROL SYSTEM FOR THE MENTALLY RETARDED

Award Information
Agency:
Department of Health and Human Services
Branch
n/a
Amount:
$50,000.00
Award Year:
1987
Program:
SBIR
Phase:
Phase I
Contract:
n/a
Award Id:
7207
Agency Tracking Number:
7207
Solicitation Year:
n/a
Solicitation Topic Code:
n/a
Solicitation Number:
n/a
Small Business Information
1111 Willow Springs Drive, Denton, TX, 76205
Hubzone Owned:
N
Minority Owned:
N
Woman Owned:
N
Duns:
n/a
Principal Investigator:
BRIAN L SCOTT PHD
(817) 387-9517
Business Contact:
() -
Research Institute:
n/a
Abstract
THE TOPIC OF THIS PROPOSAL IS THE DESIGN OF AN ENVIRONMENTALCONTROL SYSTEM FOR THE MORE THAN TWO MILLION INDIVIDUALS IN THE UNITED STATES WHOSE PHYSICAL AND/OR MENTAL IMPAIRMENTS ARE SO SEVERE THAT THEY ARE UNABLE TO FUNCTION IN THEIR ENVIRONMENT IN A NORMAL AND EFFECTIVE MANNER. A TWO-YEAR COLLABORATIVE RESEARCH EFFORT BETWEEN THE BIOENGINEERING PROGRAM AT THE NATIONAL HEADQUARTERS OF THE ASSOCIATION FOR RETARDED CITIZENS (ARC) AND SCOTT INSTRUMENTS HAS DEMONSTRATED THAT A WOMAN WITH PROFOUND MENTAL RETARDATION, SEVERE PHYSICAL HANDICAPS, AND ALMOST COMPLETELY UNINTELLIGIBLE VOCALIZATIONS COULD LEARN TO VOICE-ACTIVATE A COMPUTER FOR THE PURPOSES OF CONTROLLING VARIOUS ELECTRICAL DEVICES IN HER ENVIRONMENT. IT WAS CONCLUDED FROM THE STUDY THAT SPEECH RECOGNITION AND ACTIVATION OF A COMPUTER BY A PERSON WITH SEVERE MULTIHANDICAPS IS AN APPROPRIATE USE OF TECHNOLOGY THAT CAN BE A POSITIVE INTERVENTION FOR THE ENHANCEMENT OF LIFE. ALTHOUGH HIGHLY SUCCESSFUL, THIS INITIAL RESEARCH EFFORT UNCOVERED A NUMBER OF PROBLEMS WITH THE SYSTEM. THE CURRENTPROPOSAL ADDRESSES THESE PROBLEMS THROUGH THE USE OF CURRENTSTATE-OF-THE-ART SPEECH-RECOGNITION TECHNOLOGY, AN OBJECT-ORIENTED USER INTERFACE FOR SYSTEM SETUP, AND AN AUTOMATED TRAINING PROCEDURE FOR THE USER.

* information listed above is at the time of submission.

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