A DIRECT TEST FOR CHLORAMINES IN HEMODIALYSIS WATER

Award Information
Agency:
Department of Health and Human Services
Branch
n/a
Amount:
$39,613.00
Award Year:
1990
Program:
SBIR
Phase:
Phase I
Contract:
n/a
Agency Tracking Number:
13832
Solicitation Year:
n/a
Solicitation Topic Code:
n/a
Solicitation Number:
n/a
Small Business Information
Serim Research Corp
Po Box 4002, 23575 County Rd #106, Elkhart, IN, 46514
Hubzone Owned:
N
Socially and Economically Disadvantaged:
N
Woman Owned:
N
Duns:
n/a
Principal Investigator:
J E Christner
(219) 264-3440
Business Contact:
() -
Research Institution:
n/a
Abstract
CHLORAMINES ARE STRONGLY HEMOLYTIC AND, THEREFORE, ARE HIGHLY TOXIC TO HEMODIALYSIS PATIENTS. PURIFIED WATER FOR DIALYSIS SHOULD NOT CONTAIN MORE THAN 0.1 PPM OF CHLORAMINES. PRESENTLY, THERE IS NO TEST AVAILABLE FOR THE DIRECT MEASUREMENT OF CHLORAMINES. RATHER, THE LEVEL OF CHLORAMINES IS OBTAINED BY CALCULATION OF THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN THE TOTAL CHLORINE AND FREE CHLORINE LEVELS. THE OVERALL GOAL OF THIS PROJECT IS TO DEVELOP A TWO-STEP, ON-SITE TEST SYSTEM THAT WILL BE CAPABLE OF MEASURING CHLORAMINES DIRECTLY. IN THE FIRST STEP, A SPECIFIC, SOLID-PHASE REAGENT WILL BE USED TO SCAVENGE FREE CHLORINE (HYPOCHLOROUS ACID) FROM THE SAMPLE. IN THE SECOND STEP, CHLORAMINES WILL BE DETECTED BY REACTION WITH CHROMOGENIC REAGENTS. ANY COLOR DEVELOPED IN THE SECOND STEP WILL BE FREE OF INTERFERENCE BY FREE CHLORINE AND WILL BE A DIRECT MEASURE OF CHLORAMINE LEVELS. THE SENSITIVITY OF THE CHLORAMINE DETECTION STEP WILL BE INCREASED BY IMMOBILIZING THE REAGENT IN A POROUS MATRIX THROUGH WHICH LARGE VOLUMES OF SAMPLE CAN BE PASSED.

* information listed above is at the time of submission.

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