Advanced Insulation Techniques for Cryogenic Tanks

Award Information
Agency: National Aeronautics and Space Administration
Branch: N/A
Contract: NNX08CB70P
Agency Tracking Number: 074978
Amount: $99,953.00
Phase: Phase I
Program: SBIR
Awards Year: 2008
Solicitation Year: 2007
Solicitation Topic Code: X9.01
Solicitation Number: N/A
Small Business Information
426 Croghan Street, Fremont, OH, 43420-2448
DUNS: 92829
HUBZone Owned: N
Woman Owned: N
Socially and Economically Disadvantaged: Y
Principal Investigator
 Robert Stochl
 Principal Investigator
 (419) 499-9653
 rstochl@sierralobo.com
Business Contact
 George Satornino
Title: President
Phone: (419) 332-7101
Email: gsatornino@sierralobo.com
Research Institution
N/A
Abstract
The ability to store large amounts of cryogenic fluids for long durations has a profound effect on the success of many future space programs using these fluids for propellants, reactants, and life support systems. The high cost of delivering payload mass to orbit will require storage systems capable of limiting cryogenic losses due to boil-off to less than two percent per year for mission durations of up to ten years; or in some cases, completely eliminating boil-off losses. Although Multi-Layer Insulation (MLI) Systems have been extensively used to insulate cryogenic vessels in a space environment, it has been for short-duration missions that require from 30 to 50 layers to meet the mission requirements. Conversely, 150 layers or more of MLI will likely be needed to meet the requirements of future long-term missions. Limited data exists on the performance and physical characteristics of these thick MLI systems. A key opportunity relative to the development of advanced MLI insulation systems is identifying and analyzing concepts for minimizing heat-leak through seams and penetrations, which will be the major contributor to cryogenic losses for thick MLI systems. Sierra Lobo proposes to identify the more promising seam and penetration concepts, based upon previous research with the Missile Defense Agency, and to provide an analytical model to evaluate their performance.

* Information listed above is at the time of submission. *

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