A High Performance Imaging and Target Discrimination System Using SAR and ISAR

Award Information
Agency:
Department of Defense
Amount:
$70,000.00
Program:
STTR
Contract:
N00014-08-M-0280
Solitcitation Year:
2008
Solicitation Number:
2008.A
Branch:
Navy
Award Year:
2008
Phase:
Phase I
Agency Tracking Number:
N08A-024-0069
Solicitation Topic Code:
N08-T024
Small Business Information
SIGNAL PROCESSING, INC.
13619 Valley Oak Circle, ROCKVILLE, MD, 20850
Hubzone Owned:
N
Woman Owned:
Y
Socially and Economically Disadvantaged:
Y
Duns:
620282256
Principal Investigator
 Chiman Kwan
 Chief Technology Officer
 (240) 505-2641
 chiman.kwan@signalpro.net
Business Contact
 Chihwa Yung
Title: President
Phone: (301) 315-2322
Email: chihwa.yung@signalpro.net
Research Institution
 U. TEXAS PAN AMERICAN
 Junfei Li
 1201 West University Drive
Edinburg, TX, 78541-2999
 (956) 381-2609
 Nonprofit college or university
Abstract
We propose a high performance, automated, and novel framework to behind-the-wall imaging and target discrimination. Our system has two paths: 1) stationary target detection using SAR images; 2) moving target detection using ISAR images. For the SAR imaging part, we first propose to apply high performance algorithm to form SAR images. Second, since feature extraction is the key component for a successful target discrimination system, we propose 4 different classes of features: 1) invariant moments; 2) low order Gaussian features based on Principal Component Analysis (PCA); 3) high order non-Gaussian features based on Independent Component Analysis (ICA); 4) shape features based on Fourier descriptors. Third, after features are extracted, we propose to apply proven and efficient classifier to classify the different targets. The robust classifier we use is called Support Vector Machine (SVM) that has several advantages, including no over training problem, global optimal solution, and computational efficiency. In the ISAR part, we have ISAR image formation algorithm, followed by a chirplet separation algorithm to separate different motions. After ISAR images are formed, the feature extraction and classification algorithms mentioned earlier will be applied for target discrimination. All the images and classification results will be displayed on a monitor.

* information listed above is at the time of submission.

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