Development and Synthesis of High Performance 103 Piezocomposites

Award Information
Department of Defense
Award Year:
Phase I
Agency Tracking Number:
Solicitation Year:
Solicitation Topic Code:
Solicitation Number:
Small Business Information
Sound Innovations
146 North Seventh Street, San Jose, CA, 95112
Hubzone Owned:
Minority Owned:
Woman Owned:
Principal Investigator:
Dr. Ram Lal Bedi
(408) 275-0459
Business Contact:
() -
Research Institution:
Composite materials comprising an active piezoelectric phase and a passive polymer phase offer significant advantages over their single phase counterparts. These include higher electromechanical performance and vastly enhanced design versatility. Several combinations of polymer/ceramic connectivity are feasible of which 0-3 and 1-3 connectivity have emerged as the most practical. The so called "dice and fill" technique of cutting two sets of grooves in a block of piezoceramic at right angles to each other and subsequently casting a polymer into the grooves is the most widely employed method for realizing 1-3 connectivity. This method is quite simple but requires time consuming repetitive dicing with a relatively expensive precision saw and is suitable for only making square posts with facing parallel surfaces that are symmetrically distributed in the composite. The situation potentially gives rise to undesirable inter-post resonant activity. This problem may be eliminated if circular posts distributed randomly, or pseudo-randomly, are used instead. An inexpensive yet versatile technique for fabricating 1-3 connectivity is proposed comprising ceramic posts whose distribution in the composite is tailored to the application. The method is versatile enough to implement performance enhancing properties such as apodization of ceramic content (both lateral and axial) to reduce sidelobes in imaging arrays, control over the distribution of posts within the structure to reduce crosstalk, and, the use of aligned compressible inclusions for improving the overall efficiency of the composite. The technique is useful for achieving greater than 40% ceramic volume fraction composites in the 100 kHz-8 MHz frequency range for underwater sonar and medical imaging applications. Preliminary data for samples fabricated at 800 kHz and 4 MHz are presented with electromechanical coupling coefficient (kt) as high as 0.75.

* information listed above is at the time of submission.

Agency Micro-sites

SBA logo

Department of Agriculture logo

Department of Commerce logo

Department of Defense logo

Department of Education logo

Department of Energy logo

Department of Health and Human Services logo

Department of Homeland Security logo

Department of Transportation logo

Enviromental Protection Agency logo

National Aeronautics and Space Administration logo

National Science Foundation logo
US Flag An Official Website of the United States Government