Quantum Cascade Laser System for Monitoring Ammonia and Formaldehyde

Award Information
Agency: National Aeronautics and Space Administration
Branch: N/A
Contract: NAS5-01216
Agency Tracking Number: 013479
Amount: $70,000.00
Phase: Phase I
Program: SBIR
Awards Year: 2002
Solicitation Year: N/A
Solicitation Topic Code: N/A
Solicitation Number: N/A
Small Business Information
1570 Pacheco St., Suite E-11, Santa Fe, NM, 87505
DUNS: N/A
HUBZone Owned: N
Woman Owned: N
Socially and Economically Disadvantaged: N
Principal Investigator
 David Bomse
 Principal Investigator
 (505) 984-1322
 dbomse@swsciences.com
Business Contact
 Alan Stanton
Title: President
Phone: (505) 984-1322
Email: astanton@swsciences.com
Research Institution
N/A
Abstract
We propose a novel, infrared sensor for continuous monitoring of trace contaminants in spacecraft air. Our approach takes advantage of a new class of mid-infrared diode lasers and uses high sensitivity optical methods to achieve fully-automated sensors capable of long term, space-borne operation. Optical methods provide high sensitivity, rapid response, and freedom from false alarms. Extended space flights, including missions on board the International Space Station, have stringent requirements on environmental monitoring instruments: low power draw, low weight, and ruggedness plus fully automated, self-calibrating, and maintenance-free operation. Sensors must achieve high sensitivity because NASA's specifications for Spacecraft Maximum Allowable Concentrations (SMACs) are typically an order of magnitude lower than standards set by regulatory agencies for terrestrial environments. Our approach can meet all of the requirements identified above for space-borne sensors. The proposed work emphasizes in situ detection of ammonia and formaldehyde -- two compounds that are not easily quantified using traditional sampling and analysis methods -- and complements ongoing work at Southwest Sciences on hydrogen cyanide detection.

* Information listed above is at the time of submission. *

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