Self-Calibrating Balloon-Borne Greenhouse Gas Sensor
Department of Energy
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Small Business Information
Southwest Sciences, Inc.
1570 Pacheco Street, Suite E-11, Santa Fe, NM, 87505
Socially and Economically Disadvantaged:
AbstractThe release of carbon dioxide to the atmosphere through the burning of fossil fuels is considered to be the major cause of global warming, with potentially damaging economic and environmental effects worldwide. The sources and sinks of CO2 and the interactions between the biosphere and atmosphere must be understood in order to devise strategies to minimize the effect of global warming. However, in situ measurements of CO2 and other greenhouse gases have been restricted to airplane or large balloon-gondola platforms, due to the size, weight, and power requirements of current instrumentation. A more frequent, widespread measurement campaign, using smaller less-expensive balloon sondes, is limited by this lack of suitable instrumentation. Therefore, this project will develop a lightweight, inexpensive, stand-alone carbon dioxide sensor that is capable of measuring sub-part-per-million fluctuations of CO2 and is suitable for balloon sonde measurements. Commercial Applications and other Benefits as described by the awardee In addition to research instruments for atmospheric measurements, low cost, portable gas sensors should find applications in such areas as environmental monitoring, gas leak sensing of pipelines, fire detectors for commercial and military aircraft, and process control sensors for energy and chemical production industries.
* information listed above is at the time of submission.