SCENES WITH HIGH BACKGROUND CLUTTER

Award Information
Agency:
Department of Defense
Branch
Army
Amount:
$199,950.00
Award Year:
1985
Program:
SBIR
Phase:
Phase II
Contract:
n/a
Agency Tracking Number:
86
Solicitation Year:
n/a
Solicitation Topic Code:
n/a
Solicitation Number:
n/a
Small Business Information
Sparta Systems, Inc.
13293 S. Pointe, Laguana Hills, CA, 92653
Hubzone Owned:
N
Minority Owned:
N
Woman Owned:
N
Duns:
n/a
Principal Investigator:
() -
Business Contact:
Dr. Philip D. Henshaw
(617) 863-1060
Research Institution:
n/a
Abstract
BOTH SPACE-BASED AND ADVANCED CONUS-BASED BALLISTIC MISSILE DEFENSE SYSTEM CONCEPTS REQUIRE THAT ATTACKING REENTRY VEHICLES (RVS) BE DETECTED AND TRACKED AT LONG RANGES TO ENABLE THE DEFENSE TO PERFORM ITS MISSION. CURRENT CONCEPTS FEATURE PASSIVE INFRARED SCANNING OR STARING MOSAIC SENSORS SYSTEMS TO DETECT RVS FROM AIRBORNE PLATFORMS AND BALLISTIC MISSILE PLUMES SATELLITES. WE PROPOSE TO EVALUATE THE PERFORMANCE OF A NEW POINT SOURCE DETECTION ALGORITHM, KNOWN AS PHASE-ONLY IMAGING, TO DETECT RVS AGAINST AN EARTH BACKGROUND FROM SPACE AND TO DETECT THEM THROUGH HIGH-ATITUDE NUCLEAR REDOUT CLUTTER FROM AIRCRAFT. THESE SITUATIONS RESULT IN HIGH INFRARED BACKGROUND REDIATION LEVELS WITH SIGNIFICANT STRUCTURE WHICH OVERWHELM THE SMALL RV SIGNATURES. PHASE-ONLY IMAGING TECHNIQUES, WICH POSSES THE IMPORTANT PROPERTIES OF REDUNDANCY REMOVAL AND POINT SOURCE ENHANCEMENT, HOLD GREAT PROMISE FOR GREATLY REDUCING CLUTTER BACKGROUNDS INDEPENDENT OF THE CLUTTER STRUCTURE. WE PROPOSE TO EVALUATE PHASE-ONLY IMAGE TECHNIQUES FOR RV DETECTION AND TO DETERMINE THE SENSOR AND SIGNAL PROCESSING CONCEPTUAL DESIGNS AND TECHNOLOG LEVELS REQUIRED TO IMPLEMENT THESE TECHNIQUES IN BMD SYSTEM CONSTRUCTS.

* information listed above is at the time of submission.

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