A NOVEL 3-D DIGITAL HOLOGRAPHIC INSTRUMENT FOR IMAGING ICE CRYSTALS IN CIRRUS

Award Information
Agency:
National Science Foundation
Branch
n/a
Amount:
$299,998.00
Award Year:
1994
Program:
SBIR
Phase:
Phase II
Contract:
n/a
Agency Tracking Number:
21615
Solicitation Year:
n/a
Solicitation Topic Code:
n/a
Solicitation Number:
n/a
Small Business Information
Stratton Park Engineering Co
5401 Western Ave Ste B, Boulder, CO, 80301
Hubzone Owned:
N
Socially and Economically Disadvantaged:
N
Woman Owned:
N
Duns:
n/a
Principal Investigator:
R Paul Lawson
(303) 449-1105
Business Contact:
() -
Research Institution:
n/a
Abstract
CIRRUS CLOUDS CONTINUOUSLY COVER NEARLY 40 PERCENT OF THE EARTH'S SURFACE AND ARE KNOWN TO HAVE A SIGNIFICANT INFLUENCE ON THE GLOBAL RADIATION BUDGET. TROPICAL STORMS GENERATE CIRRUS ANVILS THAT ARE BLOWN HUNDREDS OF KILOMETES DOWNWIND AND LIMIT WARMING OF THE SEA SURFACE. THIS MAY INFLUENCE THE SUBSEQUENT GENERATION OF TROPICAL STORMS AND MAY EVEN PLAY A ROLE IN CONTROLLING THE SOUTHERN OSCILLATION (I.E., THE EL NINO EVENT). LIMITED AIRCRAFT OBSERVATIONS USING CRYSTAL COLLECTORS AND REPLICATORS SUGGEST THAT CIRRUS ARE COMPOSED MOSTLY OF ICE CRYSTALS WITH COMPLEX SHAPES THAT RANGE IN SIZE FROM ABOUT 10 UM-->1 MM. THE COLLECTORS AND REPLICATORS USED IN THESE STUDIES ARE LIMITED TO MAKING COARSE SPATIAL OBSERVATIONS AND DO NOT PROVIDE GOOD MEASUREMENTS OF CRYSTAL CONCENTRATION. THE CURRENT AIRCRAFT OPTICAL IMAGING PROBES ARE NOT CAPABLE OF MAKING GOOD MEASUREMENTS OF CRYSTAL CONCENTRATIONS FOR SIZES <~150 UM. THIS IS AN INHERENT LIMITATION OF CONVENTIONAL OPTICAL SYSTEMS BECAUSE THE DEPTH OF FIELD (DOF), AND CONSEQUENTLY THE SAMPLE VOLUME, DECREASES WITH THE SQUARE OF THE CRYSTAL RADIUS. A NEW OPTICAL INSTRUMENT USING A NOVEL DIGITAL HOLOGRAPHIC IMAGING SYSTEM (DHIS) WHICH INCREASES DOF COMPARED TO CONVENTIONAL IMAGING SYSTEMS BY MORE THAN A FACTOR OF 100 IS BEING DEVELOPED. NUMERICAL SIMULATIONS AND LABORATORY TESTS OF A DHIS WHICH PROVIDE THREE-DIMENSIONAL INFORMATION ON ICE CRYSTALS IN CIRRUS ARE BEING PERFORMED.

* information listed above is at the time of submission.

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