ION IMPLANTATION TO REDUCE WEAR ON POLYETHYLENE PROSTHETIC DEVICES

Award Information
Agency:
National Science Foundation
Amount:
$224,997.00
Program:
SBIR
Contract:
N/A
Solitcitation Year:
N/A
Solicitation Number:
N/A
Branch:
N/A
Award Year:
1989
Phase:
Phase II
Agency Tracking Number:
7590
Solicitation Topic Code:
N/A
Small Business Information
Spire Corp.
Patriots Park, Bedford, MA, 01730
Hubzone Owned:
N
Woman Owned:
N
Socially and Economically Disadvantaged:
N
Duns:
N/A
Principal Investigator
 Dr Piran Sioshansi
 () -
Business Contact
Phone: () -
Research Institution
N/A
Abstract
ULTRA HIGH MOLECULAR WEIGHT POLYTHYLENE (UHMWPE) IS PRESENTLY THE PLASTIC MATERIAL MOST COMMONLY USED IN ORTHOPAEDIC PROSTHESES. WEAR OF THIS MATERIAL IN LOAD-BEARING COMPONENTS (E.G., KNEE AND HIP REPLACEMENTS) ISA SERIOUS PROBLEM WHICH LIMITS THE LIFETIME OF THE PROSTHETIC DEVICES. SPIRE CORPORATION PROPOSES TO STUDY THE USE OF ION IMPLANTATION TO IMPROVE THE WEAR PERFORMANCE OF UHMWPE. HIGH ENERGY IONS OF NEON, TITANIUM, ALUMINUM, CHLORINE AND FLUORINE WILL BE IMPLANTED INTO UHMWPE SAMPLES; SOME OF THE TI AND A1 SAMPLES WILL ALSO BE OXYGEN IMPLANTED. ALL OF THEION IMPLANTATION SPECIES ARE EXPECTED TO INCREASE THE SURFACE HARDNESS AND THUS THE WEAR RESISTANCE OF THE UHMWPE, WITHOUT AFFECTING CRUCIAL BULK PROPERTIES. THE MATERIALS FORMED IN THE ION IMPLANTED LAYER ARE KNOWN TO BE BIOCOMPATIBLE. DURING THE PROPOSED PROGRAM, SAMPLES OF UHMWPE WILL BE ION IMPLANTED AND MEASUREMENTS OF SURFACE HARDNESS, COEFFICIENT OF FRICTION, AND WEAR RESISTANCE WILL BE COMPARED WITH THESE OF UNIMPLANTED CONTROL SAMPLES. A SUCCESSFUL DEMONSTRATION OF IMPROVED WEAR RESISTANCE OF UHMWPE WOULD LEAD TO A PHASE II PROGRAM IN WHICH ION IMPLANTATION PARAMETERS ARE OPTIMIZED, DETAILED ANALYSIS OF THE EFFECTS OF ION IMPLANTATION WOULD BE PERFORMED, AND INITIAL STEPS TOWARD COMMERCIALIZATION WOULD BE MADE.

* information listed above is at the time of submission.

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