SUBSURFACE GAMMA RAY BACKSCATTER SCANNING MICROSCOPY

Award Information
Agency: Department of Energy
Branch: N/A
Contract: N/A
Agency Tracking Number: 11608
Amount: $49,938.00
Phase: Phase I
Program: SBIR
Awards Year: 1990
Solicitation Year: N/A
Solicitation Topic Code: N/A
Solicitation Number: N/A
Small Business Information
Spire Corp
Patriots Park, Bedford, MA, 01730
DUNS: N/A
HUBZone Owned: N
Woman Owned: N
Socially and Economically Disadvantaged: N
Principal Investigator
 () -
Business Contact
 RICHARD GREGORIO
Title: TREASURER
Phone: (617) 275-6000
Research Institution
N/A
Abstract
CONTACT MICROSCOPY AND TRANSMISSION RADIOGRAPHY USING INTENSE SOURCES OF SOFT X-RAYS HAVE BEEN ADVANCING WITH THE DEVELOPMENT OF GLANCING ANGLE REFLECTORS AND MULTILAYER MONOCHROMATOR OPTICAL DEVICES. SIMILAR USES FOR MORE PENETRATING X- AND GAMMA RADIATION MUST CONTINUE TO RELY ON COLLIMATOR SCHEMES BECAUSE OF THE UNLIKELIHOOD OF DEVELOPINGLENSES OR MIRRORS FOR HIGHER ENERGY PHOTONS. RESOLUTION OF RELATIVELY DEEP SUBSURFACE STRUCTURES MAY BE MADE MORE FEASIBLE BY DETECTING GAMMA PHOTONS SCATTERED BACK FROM A RESTRICTED VOLUME INSTEAD OF TRANSMITTED THROUGH THE SPECIMEN. BACKSCATTERING IS MORE SENSITIVE TO BOTH LOCAL DENSITY AND AVERAGE ATOMIC NUMBER. THIS HAS ALREADY ENABLEDA NONDESTRUCTIVE TECHNIQUE FOR FINDING MACROSCOPIC VOIDS, CRACKS AND INCLUSIONS IN COMPOSITE MATERIALS. PHASE I EFFORTS WILL DETERMINE FEASIBILITY OF EXTENDING THIS GAMMA BACKSCATTER SCANNING TO MICROSCOPIC RESOLUTION. FINE RESOLUTION WILL DEPEND ON STACKS OF CONVERGING PLANAR VANES OR SIMILAR STRUCTURES TO FOCUS THE VIEW TO A SMALL (PIXEL) REGION. IMAGE CONSTRUCTION WILL PROCEED BY SCANNING AT VARIOUS DEPTHS BELOW THE SURFACE WITH EFFECTS DUE TO SURFACEFEATURES OR CHANGING ATTENUATION ENROUTE ELIMINATED BY A DUAL DETECTOR CONFIGURATION. ADVANTAGE OVER EXISTING NEAR-FIELD OR CONTACT SYSTEMS IS THREE DIMENSIONALITY AND DEEP SUBSURFACE IMAGING.

* information listed above is at the time of submission.

Agency Micro-sites

SBA logo
Department of Agriculture logo
Department of Commerce logo
Department of Defense logo
Department of Education logo
Department of Energy logo
Department of Health and Human Services logo
Department of Homeland Security logo
Department of Transportation logo
Environmental Protection Agency logo
National Aeronautics and Space Administration logo
National Science Foundation logo
US Flag An Official Website of the United States Government