SILICON-GERMANIUM AND SILICON-TIN WAVEGUIDES FOR HETEROSTRUCTURE OPTOELECTRONIC DEVICES

Award Information
Agency:
National Science Foundation
Branch
n/a
Amount:
$49,948.00
Award Year:
1990
Program:
SBIR
Phase:
Phase I
Contract:
n/a
Agency Tracking Number:
11865
Solicitation Year:
n/a
Solicitation Topic Code:
n/a
Solicitation Number:
n/a
Small Business Information
Spire Corp
Patriots Park, Bedford, MA, 01730
Hubzone Owned:
N
Socially and Economically Disadvantaged:
N
Woman Owned:
N
Duns:
n/a
Principal Investigator:
Fereydoon Namavar
Senior Scientist
() -
Business Contact:
() -
Research Institution:
n/a
Abstract
THE GROWTH OF A SINGLE-CRYSTAL ALLOY LAYER OF GERMANIUM AND SILICON ON A VERY HIGH RESISTIVITY SILICON SUBSTRATE IS A NEW AND UNEXPLORED TECHNIQUE FOR OPTICAL WAVEGUIDING IN THE 1.3 TO 1.6 MICRON INFRARED WAVELENGTH RANGE. A RELATED, BUTMORE SPECULATIVE APPROACH, IS THE EPITAXIAL GROWTH OF CRYSTALLINE TIN-SILICON ALLOYS ON SILICON, WHICH HAS NEVER BEEN DONE. SNSI WOULD ALLOW A LOWER PERCENTAGE OF TIN IN THE ALLOY THAN THE PERCENTAGE OF GE IN GESI TO ACHIEVE A GIVEN AMOUNT OF REFRACTIVE INDEX INCREASE. THE ADVANTAGES OF THESE ALLOYS AS WAVEGUIDES INCLUDE VERY LOW WAVEGUIDE PROPAGATION LOSS AND COMPATIBILITY WITH SI PROCESSING. IN PHASE I WE PROPOSE TO GROW SYMMETRIC SI/GESI/SI AND SI/SNSI/SI WAVEGUIDE STRUCTURES USING A DOUBLE HETEROEPITAXYOF CRYSTALLINE GEXSI(1-X) OR SNXSI(1-X) ON (100) SILICON, FOLLOWED BY AN EPITAXIAL SILICON LAYER ON THE ALLOY, AND TO PERFORM OPTICAL WAVEGUIDE TESTS ON THE MATERIAL AT A WAVELENGTH OF 1.3 MICRONS. THE THICKNESS OF THE ALLOY LAYER WILL BE VARIED FROM 1 TO 10 MICRONS AND X WILL BE VARIED FROM 0.05-0.20. WE HOPE TO SHOW FROM THE WAVEGUIDE TESTS THAT LOSSES ARE LOW, AND THAT THE TEO MODE IS NOT CUT OFF AT SUBMICRON THICKNESS. THE GENERAL GOALS FOR PHASE II ARE TO BUILD UPON THE PHASE IRESULTS TO DEVELOP ACTIVE, GUIDED-WAVE ELECTRO-OPTIC DEVICES.

* information listed above is at the time of submission.

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