Confined Recirculation Combustion Afterburner

Award Information
Agency: Department of Defense
Branch: Air Force
Contract: FA8650-04-M-2454
Agency Tracking Number: F041-188-0187
Amount: $99,975.00
Phase: Phase I
Program: SBIR
Awards Year: 2004
Solitcitation Year: 2004
Solitcitation Topic Code: AF04-188
Solitcitation Number: 2004.1
Small Business Information
SPIRITECH ADVANCED PRODUCTS, INC.
880 Jupiter Park Drive, Suite 8, Jupiter, FL, 33458
Duns: 017391348
Hubzone Owned: N
Woman Owned: N
Socially and Economically Disadvantaged: N
Principal Investigator
 Dan Haid
 Combustion Engineer
 (561) 741-3441
 danhaid@spiritech.cc
Business Contact
 Rich DeFrancesco
Title: President
Phone: (561) 741-3441
Email: defran@spiritech.cc
Research Institution
N/A
Abstract
The future of manned and unmanned vehicles requires significant improvements in engine thrust-to-weight ratio, efficiency, length, and cost. These improvements may be realized in the afterburner for supersonic missiles, Mach 8-10 strike/reconnaissance aircraft, and hypersonic vehicles operating with a Turbine Based Combined Cycle (TBCC). Spiritech Advanced Products, Inc. proposes to increase the thrust -to-weight ratio of turbine engines by decreasing the length of the afterburner. This is to be accomplished through Confined Recirculation Combustion (CRC). In a well-designed afterburner, combustion efficiency is determined by the fuel residence time. For conventional afterburners, high efficiency comes at the expense of a long duct. In the CRC afterburner, some or all of the fuel, is injected into a cavity that recirculates a portion of the airflow, increasing the residence time of the fuel without increasing the length. In addition, the recirculating zone can act as a pilot at high power conditions when additional fuel is injected into the main flow. The Phase I effort will focus on verifying the feasibility of this concept and will provide; a parametric design matrix, calibration of design matrix in AFRL's High-Pressure Combustor Research Facility, conceptual design methodology/guidelines, CFD analysis, and conceptual design for Phase II demonstration test.

* information listed above is at the time of submission.

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