SOFTWARE FOR INTERNAL PILOT STUDIES FOR CLINICAL TRIALS

Award Information
Agency:
Department of Health and Human Services
Branch
n/a
Amount:
$499,522.00
Award Year:
1994
Program:
SBIR
Phase:
Phase II
Contract:
n/a
Agency Tracking Number:
19425
Solicitation Year:
n/a
Solicitation Topic Code:
n/a
Solicitation Number:
n/a
Small Business Information
Statistics Collaborative
1816 Jefferson Place Nw, Washington, DC, 20036
Hubzone Owned:
N
Minority Owned:
N
Woman Owned:
N
Duns:
n/a
Principal Investigator:
Janet T Wittes
(202) 429-9267
Business Contact:
() -
Research Institution:
n/a
Abstract
OFTEN SAMPLE SIZES FOR RANDOMIZED CLINICAL TRIALS (RCT) ARE TOO SMALL BECAUSE PRIOR ESTIMATES OF DESIGN PARAMETERS ARE INACCURATE. THEREFORE, A COMPUTERIZED APPROACH TO INCREASING SAMPLE SIZE DURING A RCT WITHOUT INCREASING AI-LEVEL HAS IMPORTANT COMMERCIAL APPLICATION FOR ORGANIZATIONS THAT PERFORM RCTS. THIS PROJECT DESCRIBES A NEW CLASS OF DESIGNS FOR AN RCT. THE NEW DESIGN DESIGNATES A PORTION OF THE MAIN CLINICAL TRIAL AS THE INTERNAL PILOT (IP) STUDY. THE SAMPLE SIZE MAY BE RECALCULATED BASED ON DATA FROM THE IP. THE FINAL ANALYSIS INCLUDES DATA COLLECTED DURING THE IP. THE PROJECT WILL DEVELOP PROTOTYPE SOFTWARE PROGRAMS FOR IP DESIGNS. PHASEE I HAS THREE AIMS: (A) TO INVESTIGATE OPERATING CHARACTERISITICS OF A BINOMIAL TEST FOR A IP TRIAL. THE BINOMIAL REPRESENTS DISTRIBUTIONS WITH NONINDEPENDENT SAMPLE MEAN AND VARIANCE. NUMERICAL INTEGRATION, CHECKED FOR ACCURACY BY SIMULATION, WILL CALUCLATE SIZE AND POWER FOR SEVERAL TYPES OF IP'S. (B) TO DETERMINE BY NUMERICAL INTEGRATION FOR NORMAL DISTRIBUTIONS THE OPTIMAL PROPORTION OF THE PLANNED SAMPLE TO INCLUDE IN THE IP PAHSE. (C) TO WRITE A DEMONSTRATION COMPUTER PREOGRAM THAT DESIGNS AN IP-RCT USING A VARIETY OF INPUTS (E.G., PARAMETERS TO BE RECALCULATED AND MAXIMUM ALLOWABLE SAMPLE SIZE). APPLICATIONS TO CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE WILL BE STRESSED.

* information listed above is at the time of submission.

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