DRUNK DRIVING REPRESENTS A SERIOUS PUBLIC HEALTH AND TRAFFIC SAFETY PROBLEM IN THE UNITED STATES, AND THIS RESEARCH PLAN ADDRESSES ONE SPECIFIC COUNTERMEASURE: DRINKING GUIDES TO BE USED BY MOTORISTS TO DETERMINE THEIR BAC (BLOOD ALCOHOL CONCENTRATION).

Award Information
Agency:
Department of Health and Human Services
Branch
n/a
Amount:
$49,972.00
Award Year:
1985
Program:
SBIR
Phase:
Phase I
Contract:
n/a
Award Id:
3341
Agency Tracking Number:
3341
Solicitation Year:
n/a
Solicitation Topic Code:
n/a
Solicitation Number:
n/a
Small Business Information
13766 S. Hawthorne Blvd., Hawthorne, CA, 90250
Hubzone Owned:
N
Minority Owned:
N
Woman Owned:
N
Duns:
n/a
Principal Investigator:
ANTHONY C. STEIN
PRINCIPAL INVESTIGATOR
(213) 679-2281
Business Contact:
() -
Research Institute:
n/a
Abstract
DRUNK DRIVING REPRESENTS A SERIOUS PUBLIC HEALTH AND TRAFFIC SAFETY PROBLEM IN THE UNITED STATES, AND THIS RESEARCH PLAN ADDRESSES ONE SPECIFIC COUNTERMEASURE: DRINKING GUIDES TO BE USED BY MOTORISTS TO DETERMINE THEIR BAC (BLOOD ALCOHOL CONCENTRATION). IT IS PRESUMED THAT INFORMED MOTORISTS WILL AVOID DRIVING WHILE DRUNK (E.G., BAC 0.10) GIVEN APPROPRIATE DRINKING GUIDELINES, AND THE PURPOSE OF THIS PHASE I APPROACH IS TO CONSOLIDATE AVAILABLE RESEARCH RESULTS AND SPECIFY THOSE VARIABLES THAT ARE IMPORTANT TO ACCURATELY PREDICT BAC GIVEN ALCOHOL DOSAGE LEVELS, FOOD INTAKE, AND OTHER SUBJECT RELATED VARIABLES. PERTINENT RESEARCH WILL BE INCORPORATED THROUGH LITERATURE REVIEW, ANALYSIS OF AVAILABLE DATABASES, AND DISCUSSION WITH OTHER KNOWLEDGEABLE RESEARCHERS. PRELIMINARY BAC PREDICTIVE EQUATIONS WILL BE DEVELOPED THAT CAN BE TESTED IN A PHASE II EXPERIMENT TO BE DESIGNED AS PART OF THIS PHASE I EFFORT. A NOVEL FEATURE OF THE PHASE II EXPERIMENTAL PLAN IS TO INCLUDE PERFORMANCE TESTS WHICH CAN BE USED TO DETERMINE THE IMPORTANCE OF BAC PREDICTION ERRORS. IF LOW BACS ARE PREDICTED FOR INDIVIDUALS WHOSE PERFORMANCE IS NOT SERIOUSLY IMPAIRED BY ALCOHOL, THEN THE ERRORS MAY BE BENIGN. IF LOW BACS ARE PREDICTED FOR SERIOUSLY IMPAIRED PERFORMERS, HOWEVER, THEN THESE ERRORS MUST BE CONSIDERED QUITE SIGNIFICANT, AND MAY REQUIRE MORE CONSERVATIVE GUIDELINES. THESE EFFORTS COULD RESULT IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF MORE USEFUL DRINKING GUIDELINES WITH A RANGE OF FUTURE FORMATS FROM CHARTS AND MONOGRAMS TO ELECTRONIC ESTIMATORS AND COMPUTER PROGRAMS.

* information listed above is at the time of submission.

Agency Micro-sites


SBA logo

Department of Agriculture logo

Department of Commerce logo

Department of Defense logo

Department of Education logo

Department of Energy logo

Department of Health and Human Services logo

Department of Homeland Security logo

Department of Transportation logo

Enviromental Protection Agency logo

National Aeronautics and Space Administration logo

National Science Foundation logo
US Flag An Official Website of the United States Government