Collision Avoidance and Local Guidance Based on Insect Visual Motion Processing

Award Information
Agency: Department of Defense
Branch: Air Force
Contract: FA8651-06-M-0203
Agency Tracking Number: F061-149-4067
Amount: $99,997.00
Phase: Phase I
Program: SBIR
Awards Year: 2006
Solicitation Year: 2006
Solicitation Topic Code: AF06-149
Solicitation Number: 2006.1
Small Business Information
825 S. Myrtle Ave., Monrovia, CA, 91016
DUNS: 195754056
HUBZone Owned: N
Woman Owned: N
Socially and Economically Disadvantaged: N
Principal Investigator
 Patrick Shoemaker
 Senior Scientist
 (626) 471-9786
Business Contact
 Kevin Dinniene
Title: Controller
Phone: (626) 471-9778
Research Institution
Tanner Research proposes to apply technology based on visual motion processing and flight control in insects to collision avoidance and guidance in autonomous vehicles and robots. The visual processing mimics adaptive motion detection as observed in flies, which has the effect of reducing detector dependence on non-motion-related parameters of visual stimuli, improving estimates of optic flow. The control theory is modeled after wide-field neurons (tangential cells) that spatially integrate local optic flow estimates. The outputs of these integrators are applied as feedback signals for direct control of vehicle dynamics. This control paradigm is capable of robust collision avoidance in complex, cluttered environments. We will investigate integration of the two technologies, and develop a roadmap for implementation in a miniature flying platform, including trade studies for implementation technologies, and integration and resource-sharing with other functions, such as bomb damage indication, that are required of the payload in miniature- and micro-unmanned aerial vehicles.

* Information listed above is at the time of submission. *

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