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Multiplex Screening ELISA for Giardia, Cryptosporidium and E. histolytica

Award Information
Agency: Department of Health and Human Services
Branch: National Institutes of Health
Contract: 1R42AI077171-01
Agency Tracking Number: AI077171
Amount: $1,590,500.00
Phase: Phase I
Program: STTR
Solicitation Topic Code: N/A
Solicitation Number: PHS2007-2
Solicitation Year: 2008
Award Year: 2008
Award Start Date (Proposal Award Date): N/A
Award End Date (Contract End Date): N/A
Small Business Information
United States
DUNS: 614218634
HUBZone Owned: No
Woman Owned: No
Socially and Economically Disadvantaged: No
Principal Investigator
 () -
Business Contact
Phone: (540) 953-1664
Research Institution

DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Our specific objective with this fast-track STTR application is a diagnostic screen for the NIAID Biodefense Category B intestinal pathogens Giardia lamblia, Cryptosporidium spp., and Entamoeba histolytica in stool. The
se enteric protozoa share the characteristics of food and water-borne transmission, low infectious dose, and environmental stability. E. histolytica infections may be lethal, G. lamblia is most common, while Cryptosporidium spp. stands out as an important
cause of chronic diarrhea without effective treatment in AIDS patients. The current lack of a low-cost screening fecal antigen test for enteric parasites compromises the healthcare of individuals presenting with diarrhea, as the only screening test availab
le today is the stool OandP exam; a notoriously labor-intensive, non-specific and insensitive procedure. Our proposed diagnostic screen (the Tri-Combo ELISA) will provide cost-savings for clinical laboratories via the elimination from further testing spe
cimens that are negative for all 3 parasites. The Tri-Combo ELISA is a conventional two-step ELISA format with HRP-conjugated detecting antibodies for colorimetric development. The unique multiplex nature of the test comes with its ability to simultaneousl
y screen stool specimens for G. lamblia, Cryptosporidium spp. and E. histolytica using a single assay well. The Tri-Combo ELISA can be performed using visual interpretation of results for use in the field and in developing countries. At the same time, it i
s capable of conversion to automated platforms for use in reference laboratories and other large-scale surveillance scenarios; this will be useful with military and community water source outbreaks. Preliminary testing with the Tri-Combo ELISA indicates a
gt97% correlation to individual FDA-cleared ELISAs specific for G. lamblia, Cryptosporidium spp., and E. histolytica in stool with resolution by RT-PCR. Here, we propose optimization of the Tri-Combo ELISA in the RandD laboratory, followed by Good Manufact
uring Practice (GMP) validation and FDA product clearance. Phase I will optimize the Tri-Combo ELISA, finalize GMP procedures, and prepare the clinical sites for evaluation. Phase II will complete the Tri-Combo ELISA manufacturing validation, establish per
formance characteristics at our consortium sites, and prepare FDA 510(k) pre-market clearance application documents. Innovation of the Tri-Combo ELISA lies with its ability to detect the three most common enteric protozoan parasites in the United States in
a multiplexed format, and with its development process that allows three detection systems to be combined together in a single testing format. In the future, the process will be utilized to develop other multiplexed pathogen detection systems. A s
creening test is needed to detect the three most common intestinal protozoan parasites in the US (Giardia lamblia, Cryptosporidium spp., and Entamoeba histolytica). They are present in up to 10% of all stool samples submitted to reference laboratories, the
y are Category B Priority Biodefense Pathogens, and they share the characteristics of food and water-borne transmission, a low infectious dose, and environmental stability. Our objective is a diagnostic screen for the Giardia, Cryptosporidium, and E. histo
lytica in human stool specimens.

* Information listed above is at the time of submission. *

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