TISSUE CULTURE SYSTEMS FOR ADULT NEURONS

Award Information
Agency: Department of Health and Human Services
Branch: N/A
Contract: N/A
Agency Tracking Number: 19373
Amount: $50,000.00
Phase: Phase I
Program: SBIR
Awards Year: 1992
Solicitation Year: N/A
Solicitation Topic Code: N/A
Solicitation Number: N/A
Small Business Information
410 Chipeta Way, Suite 222, Salt Lake City, UT, 84108
DUNS: N/A
HUBZone Owned: N
Woman Owned: N
Socially and Economically Disadvantaged: N
Principal Investigator
 Catherine F Rappaport
 (801) 582-8080
Business Contact
Phone: () -
Research Institution
N/A
Abstract
THE OVERALL OBJECTIVE IS TO PROVE THE FEASIBILITY AND FURTHER DEVELOP A NEW METHOD FOR ISOLATING AND CULTURING NEURONS FROM ADULT MOUSE BRAINS AND CEREBELLA. IT IS NOT NOW POSSIBLE TO CULTURE NEURONS DIRECTLY FROM ADULT ANIMALS. AS A RESULT, IN VITRO RESEARCH IN THE NEUROSCIENCES AND IN NEUROPHARMACOLOGY HAS BEEN LIMITED TO CELLS FROM EMBRYONIC OR MALIGNANT NEURONAL TISSUE. THESE CAN NOT PROVIDE INFORMATION NEEDED TO UNDERSTAND THE SPECIAL BIOCHEMISTRY OF MATURE NEURONS NOR TO ANALYZE CHANGES FROM DISEASE OR FROM DRUGS. THESE CULTURE TECHNIQUES, WHEN PERFECTED, WILL MAKE IT POSSIBLE TO ACCESS ANY AREA OF THE ADULT CENTRAL NERVUS SYSTEM (CNS) FOR PARTICULAR NEURONS OF INTEREST. THIS METHOD WILL PROVIDE SYSTEMS FOR BASIC STUDIES IN NEURONAL BIOCHEMISTRY, CHARACTERIZATION OF RECEPTORS ON DIFFERENT TYPES OF NEURONS AND FOR STUDYING THE ROLE OF VIRUSES IN NEUROLOGICAL DISEASES. THESE WILL BE USED TO ASSAY DRUGS FOR SCHIZOPHRENIA, ALZHEIMER'S, PARKINSON'S DISEASE AND FOR DRUG ABUSE. TESTS WITH TISSUE CULTURES ARE MUCH LESS COSTLY AND SUPERIOR TO TESTS WITH ANIMALS SINCE MANY MORE VARIABLES CAN BE INVESTIGATED. THIS WILL GREATLY DECREASE THE USE OF ANIMALS IN PHARMACOLOGICAL AND NEUROSCIENCE RESEARCH. COMMERCIAL PRODUCTION OF THE MEDIA REQUIRED TO ISOLATE AND CULTURE THE NEURONS BY TRA WILL MAKE THE TECHNOLOGY EASILY AVAILABLE TO LABORATORIES.

* Information listed above is at the time of submission. *

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