A Proactive Countermeasure to Harden Integrated Circuits Against Exploitation

Award Information
Agency:
Department of Defense
Branch
Office of the Secretary of Defense
Amount:
$95,489.00
Award Year:
2010
Program:
SBIR
Phase:
Phase I
Contract:
FA8650-11-M-1060
Award Id:
96913
Agency Tracking Number:
O102-IA1-1036
Solicitation Year:
n/a
Solicitation Topic Code:
OSD 10-IA1
Solicitation Number:
n/a
Small Business Information
128 E Pine Avenue, Meridian, ID, 83642
Hubzone Owned:
N
Minority Owned:
N
Woman Owned:
N
Duns:
800427838
Principal Investigator:
Jack Meador
Principal Engineer
(208) 884-2138
jack.meador@cmlab.biz
Business Contact:
Rick Hoover
Principal
(208) 884-2138
rphoover@cmlab.biz
Research Institute:
n/a
Abstract
We propose to implement a novel countermeasure against the exploitation of integrated circuit hardware. The proposed countermeasure is applicable to both FPGAs and ASICs, increases design obfuscation and promises to block embedded hardware exploits. It also is fully compatible with virtually any other hardware exploit countermeasure and reduces forensic costs when exploits are suspected. The proposed approach is expected to be highly effective against a broad class of functional and firmware Trojans. The approach is also general enough to be effective against virtually any type of logical triggering mechanism. The CML PCI-CARMA software protection system will be used to demonstrate the principles of the proposed approach. PCI-CARMA employs FPGA-based COTS hardware, so it stands to directly benefit from the application of the proposed countermeasure. For Phase I, CML will first demonstrate hardware Trojan injection into a PCI-CARMA design. The proposed countermeasure will then be applied and its effectiveness against Trojan injection will be characterized in terms of invasiveness, false positive and false negative rates and its ability to detect small Trojans. The relative costs and benefits of the proposed approach will also be evaluated.

* information listed above is at the time of submission.

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