SuRF:Three-Dimensional Self-Consistant Simulations of Multipacting in Superconducting Radio Frequencies

Award Information
Agency: Department of Energy
Branch: N/A
Contract: DE-FG02-05ER84172
Agency Tracking Number: 78764S05-I
Amount: $749,900.00
Phase: Phase II
Program: SBIR
Awards Year: 2006
Solicitation Year: 2006
Solicitation Topic Code: 45
Solicitation Number: DE-FG02-06ER06-09
Small Business Information
5621 Arapahoe Avenue, Suite A, Boulder, CO, 80303
HUBZone Owned: N
Woman Owned: N
Socially and Economically Disadvantaged: N
Principal Investigator
 Chet Nieter
 (303) 444-2582
Business Contact
 Laurence Cary
Title: Dr.
Phone: (720) 974-1856
Research Institution
Superconducting radio frequency (SRF) accelerator cavities lose power to stray electrons, especially when the electron motion is in resonance with the fields and the electrons strike the cavity surface repeatedly (multipacting). One of the main tools for studying multipacting is numerical simulation, but none of the existing codes has sufficiently realistic models of all the physical processes. One main limitation of present modeling approaches is the lack of three-dimensionality. A related need is for parallel computing to handle the increased computational requirements of running in three dimensions. Typically, new designs for SRF cavities are tested by building physical prototypes and examining their performance. This practice renders the use of a large variety of different geometries (for different accelerating sections) problematic, due to the high cost of prototyping the different designs. This project will add needed models and features to the VORPAL plasma simulation code so it can function as a virtual prototyping tool for understanding multipacting in SRF cavities. Phase I demonstrated that VORPAL¿s higher-order conformal boundary algorithms and flexible interface could be used to accurately model the electromagenetic fields in typical SRF cavities. Phase II will fully integrate the field emission and secondary electron emission routines with the conformal boundaries in VORPAL. Diagnostics will be added, VORPAL¿s post-processing tools will be improved to measure common quantities used by SRF researchers, and VORPAL¿s interface will be simplified to make it easier to specify SRF cavity geometries. Commercial Applications and other Benefits as described by the awardee: In addition to the application for Nuclear Physics accelerators, SRF cavities are major component of free electron lasers. Consequently, the new design tool for SRF cavities should provide low cost prototyping for industries that use free electron lasers, such as defense and surface processing.

* Information listed above is at the time of submission. *

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