BIOMETHANATION OF KRAFT PAPER MILL SLUDGES AND LIQUID EFFLUENTS BY INNOVATIVE ANAEROBIC FERMENTATION

Award Information
Agency:
Department of Energy
Branch
n/a
Amount:
$50,000.00
Award Year:
1987
Program:
SBIR
Phase:
Phase I
Contract:
n/a
Award Id:
7064
Agency Tracking Number:
7064
Solicitation Year:
n/a
Solicitation Topic Code:
n/a
Solicitation Number:
n/a
Small Business Information
4568 Highland Dr #200, Salt Lake City, UT, 84117
Hubzone Owned:
N
Minority Owned:
N
Woman Owned:
N
Duns:
n/a
Principal Investigator:
DR SAMBHUNATH GHOSH
(801) 272-1111
Business Contact:
() -
Research Institution:
n/a
Abstract
PHASE I RESEARCH WILL BE A LABORATORY-SCALE DEMONSTRATION OF THE TECHNICAL MERIT OF AN INNOVATIVE TWO-PHASE DIGESTION PROCESS FOR THE SIMULTANEOUS BIOMETHANATION AND STABILIZATION OF SLUDGE AND LIQUID EFFLUENTS FROM KRAFT PAPER MILLS. KRAFT MILL WASTE WAS CHOSEN BECAUSE OF THE LARGE NUMBER OF KRAFT PULPING PLANT. A PROCESS DEVELOPED TOCONVERT KRAFT MILL WASTE TO METHANE IS ALSO EXPECTED TO BE APPLICABLE FOR BIOCONVERSION OF OTHER TYPES OF PAPER MILL WASTES. BIOCONVERSION ENERGY COULD DISPLACE UP TO 30% OF THE PURCHASED ENERGY IN A PAPER MILL. THE PLANNED THERMOPHILIC TWO-PHASE PROCESS PROVIDES FOR (1) DETOXIFICATION, SOLIDS HYDROLYSIS, AND NEUTRALIZATION IN A SLOWLY-STIRRED UPFLOW FIRST-STAGE ACID REACTOR AND (2) OPTIMIZATION OF COUPLED ACETOGENIC-METHANOGENIC FERMENTATIONOF THE ACETOGENIC END PRODUCTS IN A HYBRID UPFLOW SECOND-STAGE REACTOR CONTAINING A STATIONARY PACKED BED OF INCLINED TUBES. THE REACTORS EFFECT ENHANCED SOLIDS RETENTION ALLOWING HIGH-EFFICIENCY CONVERSION OF FEEDS AT LOWER HYDRAULIC RETENTION TIMES (HRT) (RELATIVE TO 20-40 DAYS FOR CONVENTIONAL DIGESTION OF PAPER MILL SLUDGE). PHASE I RESEARCH WILL FOCUS ON DEMONSTRATION OF A STABLE AND EFFICIENT OPERATION AT A SYSTEM HRT OF ABOUT 6 DAYS. ALKALI SCRUBBING OF FIRST-STAGE DIGESTER GAS AND ITS RECIRCULATION TO THE HEAD SPACE WOULD DETOXIFY THE EFFLUENT (METHANE DIGESTER FEED). FEED NEUTRALIZATION AND NUTRIENT RETENTION WITHIN THE OVERALL SYSTEM WILL BE EFFECTED BY RECYCLING METHANE DIGESTER EFFLUENTS TO THE FIRST-STAGE REACTOR. THE DIGESTION SYSTEM EFFLUENT WILL BE TREATED IN ATRICKLING FILTER WITH THE EXCESS SLUDGE RETURNED TO THE ACID DIGESTER. PHASE II OF THE PROJECT WILL BE CONCERNED WITH PROCESS SCALE-UP AND PILOT PLANT DEMONSTRATION NEEDED TO FINALIZE DESIGN AND OPERATING PROCEDURES FOR COMMERCIAL PLANTS.

* information listed above is at the time of submission.

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