Tungsten Composite Fragmenting Warhead
Department of Defense
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Small Business Information
12173 Montague Street, Pacoima, CA, 91331
Socially and Economically Disadvantaged:
Andrew J. Sherman
AbstractFragmenting warheads offer a high kill radius and lethality against lightly armored targets such as aircraft, personnel carriers, entrenched personnel, missiles, and spacecraft. One of the easiest ways to increase the penetration capability of a kinetic energy penetrator, shaped charge liner, fragmenting warhead, or explosively formed penetrator is by increasing the density of the material from which it is fabricated. Tungsten and tungsten carbide are two of the most attractive warhead materials, being low in cost and having densities comparable to depleted uranium and tantalum, but pose formidable design and fabrication challenges because of their limited ductility below Â¿1000Â¿C. Unfortunately, current tungsten fragmenting warhead designs have poor material yield (material actually formed into the penetrator rod or ball). One method to improve performance (yield) is through the development of tungsten composites, which combine the good forming capabilities (tensile ductility) of materials such as iron, tantalum, or copper with the high density of tungsten to yield an optimal warhead. In this Phase I program, Ultramet proposes to investigate the effects of matrix composition, distribution, properties, and composite microstructure on tungsten composites for EFP and fragmenting warhead application through fabrication and testing of coupons and warheads from a series of tungsten composite compositions and microstructures. Fabrication techniques will be demonstrated leading to microstructural and compositional control of tungsten and tungsten carbide composites using two matrices; elevated strain rate testing will be conducted on selected compositions and microstructures; and spall testing will be conducted to relate composition, processing, microstructure, and properties to warhead design.
* information listed above is at the time of submission.