NONAQUEOUS ENZYMATIC PROCESSING OF COALS

Award Information
Agency:
Department of Energy
Branch
n/a
Amount:
$500,000.00
Award Year:
1989
Program:
SBIR
Phase:
Phase II
Contract:
n/a
Agency Tracking Number:
7804
Solicitation Year:
n/a
Solicitation Topic Code:
n/a
Solicitation Number:
n/a
Small Business Information
Universal Fuel Development
223 Circle Hills Drive, Grand Forks, ND, 58201
Hubzone Owned:
N
Socially and Economically Disadvantaged:
N
Woman Owned:
N
Duns:
n/a
Principal Investigator:
() -
Business Contact:
DR EDWIN S OLSEN
(701) 777-1155
Research Institution:
n/a
Abstract
THIS PROJECT IS CONCERNED WITH CONVERSION OF COAL INTO A LIQUID FUEL BY UTILIZING ENZYMES TO ENHANCE THE PROCESS OF BREAKING DOWN THE LARGE MOLECULES IN COAL. THE ADVANTAGES IN THIS APPROACH TO COAL DEGRADATION ARE THAT HIGH TEMPERATURES AND PRESSURES ARE NOT REQUIRED FOR PRODUCING SOLUBLE FUEL PRODUCTS. THE REACTIONS WILL BE CONDUCTED IN ORGANIC SOLVENTS RATHER THAN IN WATER AS IS DONE WITH MOST ENZYMATIC REACTIONS. ALTHOUGH IMPROVEMENTS IN COAL PROCESSING MAY RESULT, PRETREATMENTS OF THE COALS ARE NEEDED TO OBTAIN SUITABLE SUSPENSIONS IN THE ORGANIC SOLVENTS. METHODS FOR PREPARING AND STABILIZING THESE SUSPENSIONS WILL BE INVESTIGATED ALONG WITH STUDIES OF DETAILS OF THE ENZYMATIC DEGRADATIONS. FINALLY, THE CHANGESIN THE SOLUBILITY OR THE SUSPENDABILITY OF THE PRODUCTS OF THE ENZYME-CATALYZED REACTION WILL BE DETERMINED. THE SUCCESSFUL APPLICATION OF BIOTECHNOLOGY TO COAL CONVERSION DEPENDS ON NEW KNOWLEDGE AND UNDERSTANDING OF HOW ENZYMES REACT WITH THE COAL MACROMOLECULES AND HOW TO FACILITATE THIS INTERACTION. THIS PROJECT WILL DEVELOP THE BASIC KINETIC PARAMETERS OF ENZYMATIC DEGRADATION OF COAL SUBSTRATES, WHICH ARE NECESSARY FOR EVALUATING THE FURTHER DEVELOPMENT OF THESE PROCESSES INTO LIQUID FUEL PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGY.

* information listed above is at the time of submission.

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