NONAQUEOUS ENZYMATIC PROCESSING OF COALS

Award Information
Agency:
Department of Energy
Branch
n/a
Amount:
$500,000.00
Award Year:
1989
Program:
SBIR
Phase:
Phase II
Contract:
n/a
Award Id:
7804
Agency Tracking Number:
7804
Solicitation Year:
n/a
Solicitation Topic Code:
n/a
Solicitation Number:
n/a
Small Business Information
223 Circle Hills Drive, Grand Forks, ND, 58201
Hubzone Owned:
N
Minority Owned:
N
Woman Owned:
N
Duns:
n/a
Principal Investigator:
() -
Business Contact:
DR EDWIN S OLSEN
(701) 777-1155
Research Institute:
n/a
Abstract
THIS PROJECT IS CONCERNED WITH CONVERSION OF COAL INTO A LIQUID FUEL BY UTILIZING ENZYMES TO ENHANCE THE PROCESS OF BREAKING DOWN THE LARGE MOLECULES IN COAL. THE ADVANTAGES IN THIS APPROACH TO COAL DEGRADATION ARE THAT HIGH TEMPERATURES AND PRESSURES ARE NOT REQUIRED FOR PRODUCING SOLUBLE FUEL PRODUCTS. THE REACTIONS WILL BE CONDUCTED IN ORGANIC SOLVENTS RATHER THAN IN WATER AS IS DONE WITH MOST ENZYMATIC REACTIONS. ALTHOUGH IMPROVEMENTS IN COAL PROCESSING MAY RESULT, PRETREATMENTS OF THE COALS ARE NEEDED TO OBTAIN SUITABLE SUSPENSIONS IN THE ORGANIC SOLVENTS. METHODS FOR PREPARING AND STABILIZING THESE SUSPENSIONS WILL BE INVESTIGATED ALONG WITH STUDIES OF DETAILS OF THE ENZYMATIC DEGRADATIONS. FINALLY, THE CHANGESIN THE SOLUBILITY OR THE SUSPENDABILITY OF THE PRODUCTS OF THE ENZYME-CATALYZED REACTION WILL BE DETERMINED. THE SUCCESSFUL APPLICATION OF BIOTECHNOLOGY TO COAL CONVERSION DEPENDS ON NEW KNOWLEDGE AND UNDERSTANDING OF HOW ENZYMES REACT WITH THE COAL MACROMOLECULES AND HOW TO FACILITATE THIS INTERACTION. THIS PROJECT WILL DEVELOP THE BASIC KINETIC PARAMETERS OF ENZYMATIC DEGRADATION OF COAL SUBSTRATES, WHICH ARE NECESSARY FOR EVALUATING THE FURTHER DEVELOPMENT OF THESE PROCESSES INTO LIQUID FUEL PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGY.

* information listed above is at the time of submission.

Agency Micro-sites


SBA logo

Department of Agriculture logo

Department of Commerce logo

Department of Defense logo

Department of Education logo

Department of Energy logo

Department of Health and Human Services logo

Department of Homeland Security logo

Department of Transportation logo

Enviromental Protection Agency logo

National Aeronautics and Space Administration logo

National Science Foundation logo
US Flag An Official Website of the United States Government