RISK APPRAISAL FOR AIDS AND HIV INFECTION

Award Information
Agency:
Department of Health and Human Services
Branch
n/a
Amount:
$260,700.00
Award Year:
1989
Program:
SBIR
Phase:
Phase II
Contract:
n/a
Award Id:
7860
Agency Tracking Number:
7860
Solicitation Year:
n/a
Solicitation Topic Code:
n/a
Solicitation Number:
n/a
Small Business Information
1408 W University Ave, Urbana, IL, 61801
Hubzone Owned:
N
Minority Owned:
N
Woman Owned:
N
Duns:
n/a
Principal Investigator:
() -
Business Contact:
() -
Research Institute:
n/a
Abstract
THE GOAL OF THE PHASE I FEASIBILITY STUDY IS TO DOCUMENT THESTATISTICAL PARAMETERS FOR AN INTERACTIVE COMPUTER PROGRAM TO ASSESS A PERSON'S ANNUAL RISK FOR EXPOSURE TO THE AIDS VIRUS (HUMAN IMMUNODEFICIENCY VIRUS) BASED ON A SEXUAL HISTORY; THE PROGRAM WILL ALSO SIMULATE THE RESULTS OF BEHAVIOR CHANGES SUCH AS REDUCING THE NUMBER OF PARTNERS, USING CONDOMS, AND AVOIDING PARTICULAR HIGH-RISK GROUPS OR PRACTICES. WHILE SEROPREVALENCE RATES AMONG DIFFERENT POPULATION GROUPS AND VIRAL TRANSMISSION RATES FOR VARIOUS SEXUAL PRACTICES WILL NOT BE KNOWN WITH ANY CERTAINTY FOR SEVERAL MORE YEARS, AN UPPER BOUND FOR EACH PARAMETER CAN BEESTIMATED FROM CURRENTLY-AVAILABLE PUBLISHED STUDIES. THE SOFTWARE WILL BE PROGRAMMED WITH FULL USER DOCUMENTATIONDURING PHASE II, SO THAT THE PARAMETERS CAN BE CHANGED BY THE END-USER AS MORE INFORMATION BECOMES AVAILABLE. THE PROGRAM CAN BE A USEFUL ADJUNCT TO COUNSELING IN MEDICALSETTINGS, WORKSITE WELLNESS CLINICS, AND PUBLIC HEALTH SETTINGS, ESPECIALLY STD CLINICS. A PRIMARY GOAL IS REASSURANCE TO THE "WORRIED WELL" HETEROSEXUAL MAJORITY THATTHEIR RISK OF EXPOSURE IS, AT WORST, EXTREMLY SMALL AND, AT BEST, NEGLIGIBLE.

* information listed above is at the time of submission.

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