QUANTIFYING IMPROVED VISUAL PERFORMANCE THROUGH VISION TRAINING

Award Information
Agency: Department of Defense
Branch: Air Force
Contract: N/A
Agency Tracking Number: 13115
Amount: $49,297.00
Phase: Phase I
Program: SBIR
Awards Year: 1990
Solicitation Year: N/A
Solicitation Topic Code: N/A
Solicitation Number: N/A
Small Business Information
130 Ryan Industrial Ct - Ste 1, San Ramon, CA, 94583
DUNS: N/A
HUBZone Owned: N
Woman Owned: N
Socially and Economically Disadvantaged: N
Principal Investigator
 Dr Arthur P Ginsburg
 (415) 837-2083
Business Contact
Phone: () -
Research Institution
N/A
Abstract
VISUAL PERFORMANCE CAN BE IMPROVED WITH PRACTICE. HOWEVER, VISION TRAINING HAS BEEN LIMITED MAINLY TO ORTHOPTISTS AND CERTAIN OPTOMETRISTS. ALTHOUGH VISION TRAINING HAS PRODUCED IMPROVED VISUAL PERFORMANCE IN CERTAIN CASES, THE SCIENTIFIC UNDERSTANDING OF THE VISUAL MECHANISMS BEING TRAINED LAGS FOR BEHIND. THE EMERGENCE OF CONTRAST SENSITIVITY AS BOTH A TOOL TO BETTER UNDERSTAND VISUAL MECHANISMS AND AS A GENERAL MEASURE OF COMPLEX VISUAL TARGET ACQUISITION, OFFERS UNIQUE CAPABILITIES FOR UNDERSTANDING AND QUANTIFYING IMPORTANT ASPECTS OF VISION TRAINING. SPOTTY SCIENTIIC EVIDENCE EXISTS FOR THE IMPROVEMENT OF CONTRAST SENSITIVITY USING SEVERAL PSYCHOPHYSICAL TECHNIQUES ON NORMAL AND CLINICALLY ABNORMAL OBSERVERS. THE IMPORTANCE OF IMPROVING CONTRAST SENSITIVITY IS EVIDENT FOR ALL VISION INTENSIVE OCCUPATIONS AND SPORTS. THE PROPOSED RESEARCH WILL INITIALLY DEVELOP AND TEST A PSYCHOPHYSICALLY VALID, SCIENTIFICALLY BASED CONTRAST SENSITIVITY TRAINING PROGRAM AND TEST THE RESULTS ON OBSERVERS HAVING LOW TO NORMAL AND CLINICALLY ABNORMAL CONTRAST SENSITIVITY TO DETERMINE THE DEGREE TO WHICH CONTRAST SENSITIVITY AND COMPLEX TARGET PERCEPTION IS IMPROVED. THE FINAL PRODUCT WILL BE A SELF-ADMINISTERED COMPUTER-BASED VISION TRAINING BATTERY FOR THE IMPROVEMENT OF OTHER VISUAL FUNCTIONS RELEVANT TO COMPLEX VISUAL PERFORMANCE.

* Information listed above is at the time of submission. *

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