High-Performance Contaminant Monitor for Spacecraft

Award Information
Agency:
National Aeronautics and Space Administration
Branch
n/a
Amount:
$600,000.00
Award Year:
2006
Program:
SBIR
Phase:
Phase II
Contract:
NNC06CA08C
Agency Tracking Number:
040092
Solicitation Year:
2004
Solicitation Topic Code:
B1.01
Solicitation Number:
n/a
Small Business Information
Vista Photonics, Inc.
67 Condesa Road, Santa Fe, NM, 87508-8136
Hubzone Owned:
N
Socially and Economically Disadvantaged:
N
Woman Owned:
N
Duns:
134161533
Principal Investigator:
Jeffrey Pilgrim
Principal Investigator
(505) 466-3953
jpilgrim@vistaphotonics.com
Business Contact:
Jeffrey Pilgrim
Business Official
(505) 466-3953
jpilgrim@vistaphotonics.com
Research Institution:
n/a
Abstract
The Vision for Space Exploration demands increasing reliance on real-time trace gas monitors onboard spacecraft. Present grab samples and badges will be inadequate beyond low-Earth-orbit. New better monitors will be critical components for early detection of fire, release event monitoring, crew habitability, and air revitalization processes. The danger from fire and toxic releases aboard spacecraft is constant with only moments for detection and contravention. Spacecraft are unique high-value systems where failure is measured in lives, dollars, time, and public perception. Space crews have little chance of escaping vessels that cannot continue to support life. It is imperative to detect danger in these closed-cycle environments at the earliest possible moment. Present fire detectors onboard spacecraft are inadequate due to fatigue, sensitivity or time response. Smoke detectors are insufficient for detecting the earliest stages of combustion. Further, smoke detectors will become increasingly unreliable due to false alarms upon exposure to dust particulates from the Moon and Mars. Sensors are needed to directly detect the molecular products of combustion. Vista Photonics proposes to develop rugged, compact prototype optical fire detection and contaminant monitoring instrumentation capable of selectively measuring a critical suite of contaminants at parts-per-million (ppm) or better sensitivities in a few seconds.

* information listed above is at the time of submission.

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