High-Performance Fire Detector for Spacecraft

Award Information
Agency: National Aeronautics and Space Administration
Branch: N/A
Contract: NNC05CA64C
Agency Tracking Number: 040092
Amount: $70,000.00
Phase: Phase I
Program: SBIR
Awards Year: 2005
Solicitation Year: 2004
Solicitation Topic Code: B1.01
Solicitation Number: N/A
Small Business Information
67 Condesa Road, Santa Fe, NM, 87508-8136
DUNS: 134161533
HUBZone Owned: N
Woman Owned: N
Socially and Economically Disadvantaged: N
Principal Investigator
 Jeffrey Pilgrim
 Principal Investigator
 (505) 466-3953
 jpilgrim@vistaphotonics.com
Business Contact
 Jeffrey Pilgrim
Title: Business Official
Phone: (505) 466-3953
Email: jpilgrim@vistaphotonics.com
Research Institution
N/A
Abstract
The danger from fire aboard spacecraft is immediate with only moments for detection and suppression. Spacecraft are unique high-value systems where the cost of failure is measured in lives and dollars. Space crews have little or no chance to escape vessels on fire. It is imperative to detect the onset of combustion in microgravity at the earliest possible moment. Present fire detectors onboard spacecraft are inadequate due to sensitivity, time response, or both. Smoke detectors are insufficient for detecting the early stages of combustion, sensors are needed to detect the products of combustion directly. These sensors must meet stringent size, weight and power requirements. Vista Photonics proposes to develop rugged, compact fire detection instrumentation capable of selectively and simultaneously measuring the combustion species HCN, acetylene, carbon dioxide and carbon monoxide at parts-per-million (ppm) or better sensitivities in a 1 Hz bandwidth. The enabling technology for meeting NASA's stringent mission requirements is a new rugged, compact, and lightweight optical path length enhancement cell that recovers the theoretical sensitivity of proven high-performance optical absorption detection techniques.

* Information listed above is at the time of submission. *

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