DEVELOPMENT OF NEW CHELATING TECHNIQUES WITH CHITOSAN DERIVATIVES

Award Information
Agency:
National Science Foundation
Branch
n/a
Amount:
$40,000.00
Award Year:
1987
Program:
SBIR
Phase:
Phase I
Contract:
n/a
Award Id:
5375
Agency Tracking Number:
5375
Solicitation Year:
n/a
Solicitation Topic Code:
n/a
Solicitation Number:
n/a
Small Business Information
423 Nor Thheard St, Covington, LA, 70433
Hubzone Owned:
N
Minority Owned:
N
Woman Owned:
N
Duns:
n/a
Principal Investigator:
() -
Business Contact:
Sharon V. Vercellotti
President
() -
Research Institution:
n/a
Abstract
REMOVAL OF DISSOLVED METALS FROM WASTE WATER IS A PROBLEM OFIMPORT IN ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION CONTROL AND IN PRECIOUS METAL RECOVERY. IN THIS PROPOSAL, A SERIES OF NEW CHELATING AGENTS WILL BE PREPARED FROM CHITOSAN. CHITOSAN IS A MODIFICATION OF THE BIOPOLYMER CHITIN, A POLYSACCHARIDEFOUND IN THE EXOSKELETON OF CRUSTACEANS. IN THIS PROPOSED PROGRAM, CHITOSAN WILL BE DEPOLYMERIZED, DERIVATIZED, AND FRACTIONATED INTO VARIOUS MOLECULAR WEIGHT RANGES USING MEMBRANES. THESE DIFFERENT MOLECULAR WEIGHT FRACTIONS WILL BE EVALUATED FOR ENHANCED CHELATION PROPERTIES AND SOLUBILITY OF THE COMPLEXES. THE DEGREE OF SUBSTITUTION OF CHITOSAN DERIVATIVES WILL BE OPTIMIZED TO ACHIEVE MAXIMUM CHELATION. THE AVAILABILITY OF DIFFERENT MOLECULAR WEIGHT DERIVATIVES WILL ALLOW ONE TO CHOOSE THE DESIRED SOLUBILITY OF THE CHELATION COMPLEX. THE SOLUBLE CHELATED METAL COMPLEXES WILL BE CONCENTRATED BYULTRAFILTRATION MEMBRANES. AFTER USING THIS ULTRAFILTRATIONMEMBRANE TECHNIQUE, THE AQUEOUS FILTRATE WILL CONTAIN VERY LOW CONCENTRATIONS OF METAL IONS, AND CAN THEN BE DISCHARGEDOR RECYCLED. THE RETENTATE WILL CONTAIN CONCENTRATED METAL IONS WITHIN THE CHITOSAN CHELATE. THE METAL IONS CAN THEN BE RECOVERED FROM THE CHITOSAN. THIS PROCEDURE CAN BE APPLIED TO WATER EFFLUENT AT INDUSTRIAL SITES. THE CHITOSAN DERIVATIVES IN THE MOLECULAR WEIGHT RANGE THAT PRODUCE INSOLUBLE CHELATION COMPLEXES CAN BE USED IN PRECIOUS METAL RECOVERY AS A MEANS OF CONCENTRATING THE METAL. THE METAL CAN THEN BE RECOVERED FROM THE COMPLEX. THE ENHANCED CHELATING ABILITY OF THESE NEW POLYMERS WILL ALLOW THEM TO COMPLETE ECONOMICALLY WITH SYNTHETIC CHELATINGAGENTS, THEREBY EXPANDING THE UTILIZATION OF WASTES PROCESSED FROM SHELLFISH.

* information listed above is at the time of submission.

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