A METAL HYDRIDE HEAT PUMP

Award Information
Agency:
Department of Energy
Branch
n/a
Amount:
$49,600.00
Award Year:
1989
Program:
SBIR
Phase:
Phase I
Contract:
n/a
Award Id:
10927
Agency Tracking Number:
10927
Solicitation Year:
n/a
Solicitation Topic Code:
n/a
Solicitation Number:
n/a
Small Business Information
1432 Johnny's Way, W Chester, PA, 19382
Hubzone Owned:
N
Minority Owned:
N
Woman Owned:
N
Duns:
n/a
Principal Investigator:
Dr W B Retallick
Principal Investigator
(215) 399-1371
Business Contact:
() -
Research Institute:
n/a
Abstract
THIS PROJECT WILL DEVELOP AN AUTOMOBILE AIR CONDITIONER THAT INCLUDES A HEAT PUMP DRIVEN BY WASTE HEAT IN THE ENGINEEXHAUST. THE PUMP INCLUDES NO MOVING PARTS. THE WORKING MEDIUM IS HYDROGEN, WHICH SHUTTLES BETWEEN TWO HEAT EXCHANGERS WHOSE SURFACES ARE COATED WITH METAL HYDRIDE. A TECHNIQUE FOR COATING A METAL SURFACE WITH A METAL HYDRIDE USING SILICONE RUBBER (WHICH HAS A HIGH PERMEABILITY FOR HYDROGEN) AS THE BINDER HAS ALREADY BEEN DEVELOPED. THIS COATED SURFACE WAS CYCLED THROUGH 2,900 CYCLES OF HYDRIDING AND DEHYDRIDING. THERE WAS A GRADUAL LOSS OF CAPACITY TO ABSORB HYDROGEN, CAUSED PROBABLY BY TRACES OF WATER IN THE HYDROGEN. WATER IS A DECOMPOSITION PRODUCT OF SILICONE RUBBER. IF THE HYDROGEN COULD BE KEPT ABSOLUTELY DRY, DECOMPOSITION SHOULD BE ARRESTED AND CAPACITY SHOULD REMAIN CONSTANT. THE OBJECTIVE IS TO PROVE THIS. IN PHASE I A PROTOTYPE HEAT PUMP WILL BE BUILT AND CYCLED AT LEAST 3,000 TIMES. A MOLECULAR SIEVE WILL BE USED TO CAPTURE THE WATER AND KEEP THE HYDROGEN DRY. EXISTING AUTOMOBILE AIR CONDITIONERS INCREASE ENGINE LOAD BY 5 TO 10 HP AND USE CHLOROFLUOROCARBONS (CFCS) AS THE WORKING MEDIUM. THE PROPOSED AIR CONDITIONER WOULD SAVE GASOLINE AND REDUCE CFC EMISSIONS, WHICH DESTROY OZONE IN THE UPPER ATMOSPHERE.

* information listed above is at the time of submission.

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