Activated Sugars for Drug Discovery

Award Information
Agency: Department of Health and Human Services
Branch: N/A
Contract: 2R44GM079004-02A1
Agency Tracking Number: GM079004
Amount: $773,902.00
Phase: Phase II
Program: SBIR
Awards Year: 2009
Solicitation Year: 2009
Solicitation Topic Code: N/A
Solicitation Number: PHS2009-2
Small Business Information
ZUCHEM, INC., 2225 W. Harrison St., CHICAGO, IL, 60612
DUNS: 126677041
HUBZone Owned: Y
Woman Owned: N
Socially and Economically Disadvantaged: N
Principal Investigator
 (312) 997-2150
Business Contact
Phone: (312) 997-2150
Research Institution
DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): The overall goal of this proposal is to create a robust one pot, in vitro, multi-gram scale synthesis of activated sugars for drug discovery and biochemical research purposes. Natural product glycosylation is vital for the discovery of new pharmaceutical compounds. While it has been recognized for some time that many biologically active natural products owe much of their therapeutic properties to their glycosylation diversity, methods for creating further diversity for drug discovery have been difficult to develop. One of the challenges is that the modified and rare sugars needed for creating diversity are unavailable or extremely difficult to make, and that the sugars need to be chemically activated in order to transfer them to the core natural product molecule. However, new technology has been developed where a chemoenzymatic method is used to attach sugars to natural production aglycons. With this method, a combination of a kinase and nucleotide transferase are needed to form the specific activated sugar and finally a glycosyltransferase is used to transfer the sugar to an appropriate aglycon core. This technology is valuable for drug discovery, as it can be used to produce a library of differentially glycosylated natural product molecules. The Phase II research of this project will continue the improvements in the enzymes needed for this process, including engineering a greater substrate range. The research will then focus on coupling the best enzymes, ATP/NTP regeneration, product recovery, process scale-up and creating novel antibiotic derivatives as a demonstration of the developed technology. PUBLIC HEALTH RELEVANCE: This project is aimed toward developing a method for making a variety of activated sugars for drug discovery purposes. These sugars can used to make derivatives of natural products with new therapeutic properties, for example, antibiotics that are effective against antibiotic-resistant bacteria.

* Information listed above is at the time of submission. *

Agency Micro-sites

SBA logo
Department of Agriculture logo
Department of Commerce logo
Department of Defense logo
Department of Education logo
Department of Energy logo
Department of Health and Human Services logo
Department of Homeland Security logo
Department of Transportation logo
Environmental Protection Agency logo
National Aeronautics and Space Administration logo
National Science Foundation logo
US Flag An Official Website of the United States Government