Investigation of Ignition Delay: Novel beta-Substituted Ethylazide Derivatives as Potential New Liquid Propellant Fuels

Award Information
Agency: Department of Defense
Branch: Air Force
Contract: FA9300-05-M-3013
Agency Tracking Number: F051-201-2083
Amount: $98,227.00
Phase: Phase I
Program: SBIR
Awards Year: 2005
Solicitation Year: 2005
Solicitation Topic Code: AF05-201
Solicitation Number: 2005.1
Small Business Information
AMERICAN PACIFIC CORP.
10622 West 6400 North, Cedar City, UT, 84721
DUNS: 077585024
HUBZone Owned: N
Woman Owned: N
Socially and Economically Disadvantaged: N
Principal Investigator
 Kent Richman
 Director, Anal Labs & Prod Dev
 (435) 865-5017
 krichman@apfc.com
Business Contact
 Layne Benzon
Title: Director of Contract Admin
Phone: (702) 835-2200
Email: Lbenzon@apfc.com
Research Institution
N/A
Abstract
Few replacements for hydrazine-based propellants have been developed over the years. One potential candidate is 2-azido-N,N-dimethylethanamine (DMAZ). Unfortunately, DMAZ-IRFNA systems have exhibited ignition delays significantly longer than MMH-IRFNA systems. We are proposing the synthesis and testing of a novel â-substituted ethylazide derivatives that will overcome the longer ignition delays of DMAZ-IRFNA systems while maintaining or even enhancing performance. Thermochemical calculations show a comparable Isp between our novel â-substituted ethylazide derivatives and DMAZ or MMH, under equivalent operating conditions. Initial QSAR calculations indicate this material is significantly less toxic than hydrazine and its derivatives. These novel â-substituted ethylazide derivatives can be prepared in a simple two-step process from readily available starting materials. By leveraging our current R&D efforts and building upon collaborations already in place, we propose, in the Phase I effort, to synthesize quantities of this new material sufficient to obtain useful energetic and ignition delay data. This data will make a significant contribution to the search for new efficient fuels, with low environmental hazards for future propulsion systems.

* information listed above is at the time of submission.

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