Compact Fuel Processor for 2 kW Solid Oxide Fuel Cell

Award Information
Agency: Department of Defense
Branch: Army
Contract: W911QX-04-C-0031
Agency Tracking Number: A032-2377
Amount: $119,759.00
Phase: Phase I
Program: SBIR
Awards Year: 2004
Solicitation Year: 2003
Solicitation Topic Code: A03-028
Solicitation Number: 2003.2
Small Business Information
DUNS: 012925504
HUBZone Owned: N
Woman Owned: N
Socially and Economically Disadvantaged: Y
Principal Investigator
 Zhijiang Li
 Sr. Project Engineer
 (508) 481-5058
Business Contact
 Kang Lee
Title: President
Phone: (508) 481-5058
Research Institution
The U.S. Army has the need for small and efficient fuel cell power generation systems (0.5-2 kW) that can operate on diesel and logistics fuels. The advantages of employing these fuels for "in-the-field" power generation in military deployment include high energy density and wide availability. However, one problem with these fuels is that they all contain high concentration sulfur, which is extremely poisoning to most reforming catalysts and fuel cell anodes currently available. Presently, efficient, compact, and reliable fuel processors that are capable of converting diesel and logistics fuels to contaminant-free reformate are not commercially available. The objective of the proposed program is to develop an efficient, compact, and robust fuel processor to reform diesel into contaminant-free H2 and CO, as the fuel for SOFC. The proposed fuel processor will consist of a sulfur-tolerant partial oxidation reformer and a post-reforming desulfurizer as its key components. In Phase I, Aspen will prepare and evaluate a series of candidate materials to identify a highly active, coke- and sulfur-tolerant partial oxidation catalyst and a regenerable sorbent for H2S removal. Preliminary diesel reforming tests in an integrated fuel processor will also be carried out to demonstrate the proposed concept and identify critical technical issues that would need to be addressed in Phase II for prototype fuel processor construction and demonstration.

* information listed above is at the time of submission.

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