A New Electric Propulsion Concept Based on Pseudospark Discharges

Award Information
Agency:
Department of Defense
Branch
Air Force
Amount:
$99,172.00
Award Year:
2002
Program:
STTR
Phase:
Phase I
Contract:
F49620-02-C-0065
Award Id:
56042
Agency Tracking Number:
F023-0112
Solicitation Year:
n/a
Solicitation Topic Code:
n/a
Solicitation Number:
n/a
Small Business Information
555 Sparkman Drive, Executive Plaza, Suite 1622, Huntsville, AL, 35816
Hubzone Owned:
N
Minority Owned:
N
Woman Owned:
N
Duns:
095673521
Principal Investigator:
DouglasVanGilder
Project Manager
(661) 275-5412
douglas.vangilder@edwards.af.mil
Business Contact:
KennethLyles
Director of Business Operations
(256) 430-3080
klyles@erc-incorporated.com
Research Institute:
University of Southern California
Gundersen, Martin A
Dept of EE/Electrophysics, PHE 604
Los Angeles, CA, 90089
(213) 740-4396
Nonprofit college or university
Abstract
It is proposed to develop a space propulsion concept based on the physics of pseudospark discharges. The device will be based on a multi-gap pseudospark device with a closed anode. The pseudospark is characterized by a transient phase, where high-intensityare created, and a "super-dense" glow discharge phase when the steady state is achieved. This phase produces very high plasma densities with minimal electrode erosion. In pulsed operation, a transient charged plasma can be used to generate a high densityion beam, which can then be accelerated to higher velocities. The physics of the concept will be investigated in detail to evaluate its efficiency for space propulsion, and scaling properties for micro-propulsion applications. The concept does not use anapplied magnetic field and can therefore be very compact; micro-scale effects at the electrode surface may also facilitate the design of micro-thrusters for nano-satellites. Two operational modes will be considered; a steady-state operation, using thehigh-density plasma of the super-dense glow phase, and a pulsed operation, using the transient formation of a space-charged plasma for ion beam generation. The scaling properties will be determined through numerical simulations, and preliminary designs ofa candidate propulsion system and an experiment will be accomplished. The proposed pseudospark-based propulsion system can be designed on various scales or assembled as an array of micro-devices, if it can be successfully scaled. This extends the range ofapplicability from nano-satellites to conventional satellites, and widens the commercial market for the technology. The commercial applications are therefore primarily aimed at satellite propulsion and station-keeping. Furthermore, the technology can begeneralized to other applications, such as power processing and material fabrication and treatment, for which the pseudospark is currently being developed.

* information listed above is at the time of submission.

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