LACK OF VISION IS A MAIN DEFICIENCY IN PRESENT USES OF ROBOTS.

Award Information
Agency:
National Aeronautics and Space Administration
Branch
n/a
Amount:
$49,000.00
Award Year:
1983
Program:
SBIR
Phase:
Phase I
Contract:
n/a
Agency Tracking Number:
610
Solicitation Year:
n/a
Solicitation Topic Code:
n/a
Solicitation Number:
n/a
Small Business Information
E-tek Dynamics Inc
250 East Drive, Melbourne, FL, 32901
Hubzone Owned:
N
Socially and Economically Disadvantaged:
N
Woman Owned:
N
Duns:
n/a
Principal Investigator:
M.L. KAO
PRINCIPAL INVESTIGATOR
() -
Business Contact:
() -
Research Institution:
n/a
Abstract
LACK OF VISION IS A MAIN DEFICIENCY IN PRESENT USES OF ROBOTS. ALMOST ALL ROBOT VISION SYSTEMS IN USE ARE MODELED AFTER HUMAN EYES; HOWEVER VISION SYSTEM IS TOO COMPLEX TO IMITATE BY PRESENT TECHNOLOGY. THIS PROJECT EXPLORES THE FEASIBILITY OF MODELING A ROBOT VISION SYSTEM ON THE COMPOUND EYE OF INSECTS. INSECT VISION IS FUNDEMENTALLY DIFFERENT FROM HUMAN VISION IN THAT IS GOVERNED BY MULTIAPERATURE OPTICS. WHILE INSECT EYES HAVE LOWER FORM OF HARWARE STRUCTURE, SOPHISTICATED SOFTWARE PROVIDES INSECTS THE THREE FUNCTIONS REQUIRED IN ANY VISION SYSTEM: TO VERIFYTHE PRESENCE OF AN OBJECT, TO MEASURE IMAGE FEATURES, AND TORECOGNIZE OBJECTS. ONE OF THE REASONS FOR THE SUCCESS OF INSECTS IN SURVIVAL COMPETITION IS THEIR ACUTE VISION.IT CAN BE SHOWN THAT IN MOST INDUSTRIAL APPLICATIONS, GREAT DETAIL OF IMAGE IS NOT ONLY UNNECESSARY, BUT ALSO BECOMES INFORMATION NOISE IN IMAGE PROCESSING. IN INSECT VISION SYSTEM, THE INFORMATION IS PROCESSED IN NERVE NETS WITHIN THEIR EYES. ONLY THE RESULT OF THE COMPUTATION, SUCH AS PATTERN OR SPEED OF THE TARGET IS SENT TO THE BRAIN. THE UNIQUE CHARACTERISTICS OF TARGET ORIENTATION, AND NOT SCENE ORIENTATION, IS ESPECIALLY BENEFICIAL FOR REAL-TIME APPLICATIONS. TO EXPLORE THE POSSIBLE ADVANTAGES OF COMPOUNDAPERTURE VISION FOR ROBOTS, THIS PROJECT INVESTIGATES THE FOLLOWING FACTORS IN PHASE I: EDGE, GRAY-LEVEL AND COLOR DETECTION, OBJECT RECOGNITION, AND DISTANCE DETERMINATION.

* information listed above is at the time of submission.

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