Low-Cost Carbon Nanotubes for Infrared Obscurants

Award Information
Agency: Department of Defense
Branch: Army
Contract: W911SR-06-C-0015
Agency Tracking Number: A043-140-0291
Amount: $729,205.00
Phase: Phase II
Program: SBIR
Awards Year: 2006
Solicitation Year: 2004
Solicitation Topic Code: A04-140
Solicitation Number: 2004.3
Small Business Information
901 Fuhrmann Blvd., Buffalo, NY, 14203
DUNS: 127760085
HUBZone Owned: N
Woman Owned: N
Socially and Economically Disadvantaged: N
Principal Investigator
 Douglas DuFaux
 (716) 853-4900
Business Contact
 Keith Blakely
Title: CEO
Phone: (716) 853-4900
Email: kblakely@nanodynamics.com
Research Institution
The Army seeks significant improvements in the protection of military targets through its use of infrared obscurants (IROs). Specifically, it calls for an order of magnitude improvement on the infrared extinction coefficient, while also minimizing costs. Existing obscurant technologies with organics, metal flakes, and graphite are inherently limited in their performance. The Army recognizes that the unique properties of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) offer a potential solution. Unfortunately, existing CNT production methods, laser, arc discharge, and high pressure CO, are far too expensive to consider for the mass production necessary for obscurants applications. During Phase I research NanoDynamics demonstrated combustion based processes to produce multiwall CNTs as well as significantly higher extinction coefficients as compared to materials such as graphite. The proposed combustion processes can be readily scaled to bulk production and some of these processes can be adapted to run in a continuous manner, directly forming well dispersed CNTs in the field. Phase II research will be focused on the production of optimized CNTs for testing by the Army. Additional work will include investigating scale-up towards bulk production levels and on-demand, well dispersed production technologies that will enable direct production in dedicated field units as well as vehicle exhaust streams.

* Information listed above is at the time of submission. *

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