SBIR Phase II: Inhibition-Resistant DNA Polymerases and Other Improvements for Detection of Food-borne Pathogens.

Award Information
Agency:
National Science Foundation
Branch
n/a
Amount:
$500,000.00
Award Year:
2011
Program:
SBIR
Phase:
Phase II
Contract:
1127479
Award Id:
n/a
Agency Tracking Number:
1127479
Solicitation Year:
2011
Solicitation Topic Code:
Phase II
Solicitation Number:
n/a
Small Business Information
1508 S. Grand Blvd., Saint Louis, MO, 63104-1364
Hubzone Owned:
Y
Minority Owned:
N
Woman Owned:
N
Duns:
124524989
Principal Investigator:
Katherine Rowlyk
(314) 707-4919
krowlyk@yahoo.com
Business Contact:
Katherine Rowlyk
DSc
(314) 707-4919
krowlyk@yahoo.com
Research Institution:
Stub




Abstract
This Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) Phase II project proposes the development of novel enzymes (DNA polymerases) and other improvements for rapid detection of food-borne pathogens by DNA detection and amplification (PCR). PCR is a very fast and accurate method of pathogen detection, typically giving results in about a day, instead of several days required to grow and identify pathogens by cultural methods. But some foods, such as chocolate, dairy products, meat, and spices, contain components that inhibit the PCR assay. Current strategies for rapid pathogen testing in these foods include long cultural enrichment steps followed by dilution of inhibitors and/or labor intensive sample preparation (DNA extraction) to remove inhibitors. Inhibition-resistant DNA polymerases and food-specific PCR enhancers represent elegant, high-tech alternatives to dilution or DNA extraction. They could be integrated into existing rapid-detection systems to facilitate rapid accurate testing in inhibitory foods. The broader impacts of this research are reducing the number and severity of outbreaks of food-borne illnesses in the United States due to early detection of food-borne pathogens. Faster, more accurate detection of pathogens will save time and money for food manufacturers, and reduce the need for costly product recalls. Technology developed here could also extend the disciplines of forensics, where recovery of small amounts of DNA in the presence of a variety of inhibitors is critical, and national defense, where rapid detection of biological agents used as weapons could save lives.

* information listed above is at the time of submission.

Agency Micro-sites


SBA logo

Department of Agriculture logo

Department of Commerce logo

Department of Defense logo

Department of Education logo

Department of Energy logo

Department of Health and Human Services logo

Department of Homeland Security logo

Department of Transportation logo

Enviromental Protection Agency logo

National Aeronautics and Space Administration logo

National Science Foundation logo
US Flag An Official Website of the United States Government