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Methods and Instrumentation for Hydrostatic Pressure-Enhanced Tissue Fixation

Award Information
Agency: Department of Health and Human Services
Branch: N/A
Contract: 1R43GM090582-01A1
Agency Tracking Number: R43GM090582
Amount: $160,978.00
Phase: Phase I
Program: SBIR
Solicitation Topic Code: NIGMS
Solicitation Number: PA10-050
Solicitation Year: 2011
Award Year: 2011
Award Start Date (Proposal Award Date): N/A
Award End Date (Contract End Date): N/A
Small Business Information
14 Norfolk Ave., South Easton, MA, 02375-
DUNS: 125354308
HUBZone Owned: N
Woman Owned: N
Socially and Economically Disadvantaged: N
Principal Investigator
 (508) 230-1828
Business Contact
Phone: (781) 640-8436
Research Institution
DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Fixation of tissue samples with formalin and paraffin is an established approach for long-term storage of tissues for later histological analyses. These formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded tissues can also be used for DNA,RNA or protein extraction for retrospective molecular studies. Unfortunately, traditional preservation methods do not guarantee uniform fixation, frequently resulting in excessive cross-linking of molecules on the periphery of the specimen and slow degradation in its depth. Consequently, antigen retrieval, genomic or proteomic biomarker identification studies may generate inaccurate or misleading results. Attempts at alternative fixation methods, such as convectional heat or microwave radiation treatment,have also proven inadequate, since they fail to produce a uniform product, or result in perturbations to the biomolecular profiles. We propose to develop an automated tissue preservation system that uses high hydrostatic pressure to standardize the processof tissue fixation with precise thermodynamic control. High pressure has been shown to enhance rapid and uniform formaldehyde penetration into tissue blocks. The proposed Tissue Preservation System will enable better preservation of tissues through enhanced penetration of fixative while preserving tissue architecture. Such improvements should lead to the generation of better data from preserved samples, which may lead to faster disease diagnosis and successful development of therapeutics. 1 PUBLIC HEALTH RELEVANCE: The proposed study aims to develop a high pressure system for automated preservation of clinical tissue specimens to facilitate and standardize the tissue fixation process independent of specimen size and tissue type. Better, more consistent, and more uniform preservation of tissue architecture, and improved chemical integrity of potential biomarkers, are expected to lead to considerable benefits for future histopathology and retrospective molecular diagnostics studies using fixed sample repositories.

* Information listed above is at the time of submission. *

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