Magnesium Based Rockets for Martian Exploration

Award Information
Agency:
National Aeronautics and Space Administration
Branch
n/a
Amount:
$599,999.00
Award Year:
2011
Program:
SBIR
Phase:
Phase II
Contract:
NNX11CA37C
Award Id:
n/a
Agency Tracking Number:
095688
Solicitation Year:
2009
Solicitation Topic Code:
S3.08
Solicitation Number:
n/a
Small Business Information
MA, Natick, MA, 01760-1023
Hubzone Owned:
N
Minority Owned:
N
Woman Owned:
N
Duns:
185739591
Principal Investigator:
James Szabo
Principal Investigator
(508) 655-5565
jszabo@busek.com
Business Contact:
Judy Budny
Business Official
(508) 655-5565
judy@busek.com
Research Institute:
Stub




Abstract
In the proposed Phase II program, we will continue the development of Mg bipropellant rockets for Martian PAV applications. In Phase I, we proved the feasibility of this game-changing technology. Through chemical analysis, we determined that Mg can be combusted with CO2 condensed in-situ from the Martian atmosphere to yield Isp ~240 s. We then successfully demonstrated a low fidelity Mg-CO2 rocket in the laboratory, achieving combustion for 43s before voluntary termination. We also analyzed the use of H2O and H2O2 as oxidizers, and Al as a propellant. H2O exists at the Martian poles and below the surface, while both Mg and Al can be acquired in-situ from the Martian regolith. We determined that the ideal vacuum Isp of a 10 bar Mg-H20 rocket would be as high as ~340 s, while the Isp of a Al-steam rocket would be ~380 s, and hydrogen peroxide could yield higher density Isp and operational benefits. In Phase II we plan to develop and test an integrated high performance laboratory model system. We will first fully characterize multiple propellant oxidizer combinations in a linear combustor. Then we will design, build, and test an integrated system including both a rocket and a propellant management system. Comprehensive test results would feed back into the design, culminating in an advanced system sized for prospective near-term applications.

* information listed above is at the time of submission.

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