Use of milatuzumab in modulating graft vs. host disease

Award Information
Agency: Department of Health and Human Services
Branch: N/A
Contract: 1R41AI093082-01
Agency Tracking Number: R41AI093082
Amount: $191,143.00
Phase: Phase I
Program: STTR
Awards Year: 2011
Solicitation Year: 2011
Solicitation Topic Code: NIAID
Solicitation Number: PA10-051
Small Business Information
DUNS: 115350605
HUBZone Owned: N
Woman Owned: N
Socially and Economically Disadvantaged: N
Principal Investigator
 (973) 605-1330
Business Contact
Phone: (973) 605-8200
Research Institution
 300 The American Road
Morris Plains, NJ, 07950-
 () -
 Domestic nonprofit research organization
DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Control of GVHD by milatuzumab in hu-SCID mice Dendritic cells (DCs) are the primary initiator of graft-versus-host disease (GVHD), a major and life- threatening complication of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (alloHSCT). Depletion of DCs has been demonstrated to be an effective approach for control of GVHD. We recently found that milatuzumab, a humanized anti-CD74 monoclonal antibody, can efficiently deplete myeloid DCs from human peripheral blood mononuclear cells, and potently suppress the proliferation of alloreactive T cells without impairing CMV-specific CD8+ T cells in allogeneic mixed leukocyte cultures, suggesting that milatuzumab may be developed as a novel mAb for prophylactic and/or therapeutic control of GVHD. In this proposed study, we will evaluate the efficacy of this novel mAb for its prophylactic efficacy against GVHD in a human-PBL-SCID mouse model. We will also investigate whether milatuzumab, while controlling GVHD, has any detrimental effect on the third-party immunity in this model, including anti-viral and graft-versus-leukemic functions, which will provide key safety information for clinical use of this mAb in patients undergoing allo-hematopoietic stem cell transplant. We believe that this STTR project, through the collaboration between Immunomedics, Inc., and the Center for Molecular Medicine and Immunology, could lead to the development of a novel class of monoclonal antibodies for better control of GVHD through depletion of CD74-expressing myeloid DCs. PUBLIC HEALTH RELEVANCE: Control of GVHD by milatuzumab in hu-SCID mice Graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) is a major life-threatening complication of allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. Milatuzumab, a humanized anti-CD74 monoclonal antibody, can efficiently deplete dendritic cells from human peripheral mononuclear cells, suggesting its potential to prevent and/or treat GVHD. We will evaluate the preventive efficacy of milatuzumab on GVHD in a humanized mouse model, and while controlling GVHD, if it has any harmful effect on the host immunity against pathogens and leukemia, including anti-viral and graft-versus-leukemic functions. This preclinical study could provide valuable information to justify future clinical investigations.

* Information listed above is at the time of submission. *

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