Novel Medicinal Chemicals: Cardiomyogenesis from Human Stem Cells

Award Information
Agency:
Department of Health and Human Services
Branch
n/a
Amount:
$172,538.00
Award Year:
2011
Program:
STTR
Phase:
Phase I
Contract:
1R41HL107088-01
Award Id:
n/a
Agency Tracking Number:
R41HL107088
Solicitation Year:
2011
Solicitation Topic Code:
NHLBI
Solicitation Number:
PA10-051
Small Business Information
11171 CORTE CANGREJO, SAN DIEGO, CA, 92130-2637
Hubzone Owned:
N
Minority Owned:
N
Woman Owned:
N
Duns:
831483388
Principal Investigator:
NORMAND HEBERT
(858) 458-9305
normh42@yahoo.com
Business Contact:
REBEKAH HANDLEY
(858) 458-9305
chemregen@hbri.org
Research Institute:
SANFORD BURNHAM MEDICAL RESEARCH INSTITUTE

SANFORD-BURNHAM MEDICAL RESEARCH INSTITUTE
10901 NORTH TORREY PINES ROAD
LA JOLLA, CA, 92037-
() -
Domestic nonprofit research organization
Abstract
DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Over 1-2% of Americans greater than 65 years of age have heart disease. According to the American Heart Association, heart failure is one of the most common causes of hospitalization for patients over 65 years of age inthe Western world and as the population ages, this situation will only get worse. Currently, more than 5 million Americans suffer from heart failure. In 2009, the economic cost (direct and indirect) to US society for heart disease was in excess of 37 billion per year. Certain diseases related to heart muscle failure or heart muscle weakening are treatable with drugs or devices such as defibrillators, pacemakers or implanted pumps. However, in heart attacks, when heart muscle cells die, transplantation becomes the only option because cardiomyocyte regeneration in the human heart is generally very limited. Today, unfortunately, there is considerably less heart transplantation tissue available than the current need for transplants. Tens of thousands of heartscould be used each year for transplants but only about 2,000 hearts are available. Chemical biology approaches to embryonic stem cell (ESC) research offers considerable promise for rectifying this problem. However, despite progress, increasing the efficiency of stem or progenitor cells to become human cardiomyocytes has been very challenging. The main problem with increasing the yield of cardiomyocytes is the lack of effective ways to induce ESCs to afford cardiomyocytes involved in cardiogenesis. A critical issue is the low yields of cardiomyocytes from in vitro differentiation processes. An economically viable biotechnological process using readily available and inexpensive differentiation agents is needed. Herein, we propose to use a powerful combinationof high content and high throughput cellular assays and dynamic medicinal chemistry to develop pure, easy to make, small molecule toolbox compounds to promote the induction of hESCs that will differentiate into cardiomyocytes. A promising new cardiomyocyte differentiation agent (i.e., compound 1) has been identified and refinement and development of this agent is the focus of this proposal. The Specific Aims include: 1) Test compounds structurally related to 1 as inducers of cardiomyocytes in a validatedmouse ESC assay and 2) Test potent compounds identified in Aim 1 in a validated human ESC assay for cardiomyocyte differentiation. Based on our encouraging Preliminary Results successful completion of the proposed work will provide an inexpensive toolboxof reagents useful for the induction of cardiomyocytes from human ESCs of utility in a biotechnological sense. Preparation of human cardiomyocytes in this manner will provide large numbers of cardiomyocytes and will be of widespread use to the CRO, biotechnology or Big Pharma industry to help individuals that suffer from heart failure including myocardial infarct as well as to do drug safety tests with human cardiomyocytes to decrease adverse drug-drug interactions and develop safer drugs. PUBLIC HEALTH RELEVANCE: For heart attack victims, stem cell therapy may provide a way to regenerate damaged heart muscle cells. Current therapies are only able to improve heart function. The goal of our work is to use chemical biology to develop small molecule toolbox compounds that will stimulate stem cell differentiation and produce cardiomyocytes. Ultimately, the results from this work will provide reagents for use to grow cardiomyocytes for use in a biotechnology process to treat heart disease.

* information listed above is at the time of submission.

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