Miniature Device to Promote Lung Development

Award Information
Agency:
Department of Health and Human Services
Branch
n/a
Amount:
$247,272.00
Award Year:
2011
Program:
STTR
Phase:
Phase I
Contract:
1R41HL110466-01
Award Id:
n/a
Agency Tracking Number:
R41HL110466
Solicitation Year:
2011
Solicitation Topic Code:
NHLBI
Solicitation Number:
PA10-051
Small Business Information
26988 VALESIDE LN, OLMSTED FALLS, OH, -
Hubzone Owned:
N
Minority Owned:
N
Woman Owned:
N
Duns:
136949794
Principal Investigator:
KENNETH GOLDMAN
(440) 241-1413
kgoldman@h-cubed.com
Business Contact:
KEN GOLDMAN
(440) 241-1413
kgoldman@h-cubed.com
Research Institution:
UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA SAN FRANCISCO

UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA SAN FRANCISCO
3333 California St., Ste 315
SAN FRANCISCO, CA, 94143-0962
() -
Nonprofit college or university
Abstract
DESCRIPTION (provided by applicant): Congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) affects 1 in 2000 newborns. CDH is a disorder in which part of the diaphragm fails to form, allowing abdominal organs to migrate into the chest, resulting in lung hypoplasia (underdevelopment) in affected infants. Although great strides have been made in the management of this disease, significant morbidity and mortality persist. Pooled results from over 50 centers worldwide indicate overall survival to be 68% with standard, postnatal therapy. Specific morbidities in survivors include neurodevelopmental, nutritional, sensorineural hearing, and pulmonary function deficiencies. The public health impact of this disease is also significant, in that CDH has been identified as the third-most-costly of birth defects in a recent study. The severe consequences of this congenital anomaly have led others to pursue methods of correcting CDH or its main consequence, lung hypoplasia, prior to birth, allowing for more normal postnatal function. The most promising in utero therapy developed thus far consists of complete occlusion of the fetal trachea, which has been shown to encourage lung growth. However, this procedure impairs the phasic mechanical forces that are known to critically regulate properlung development. To overcome this, we propose the use of a miniature valve to provide dynamic tracheal occlusion (dTO) to promote lung growth. In preliminary experiments, a custom-designed, modified ventriculoperitoneal shunt valve was used to maintain atracheal pressure of 6-8 mmHg, yet allow for efflux of lung fluid, in a fetal lamb CDH model. Compared to complete occlusion, dTO resulted in improved (near-normal) lung morphometrics and function. Here, we propose to further define the pressure characteristics for optimal lung growth and to create a miniature device that will allow for minimally invasive deployment. To create the device, a microvalve will be made using MEMS (micro electro mechanical systems) microfabrication techniques that allow for precise control of device geometry and performance specifications. The Phase I Specific Aims are to: (1) Establish microvalve designs with opening pressures in the range of 2-10 mmHg and (2) Determine valve pressure setting for optimal lung development. PUBLIC HEALTH RELEVANCE: Congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) afflicts approximately 1 in 2000 newborns. As common as cystic fibrosis and spina bifida, CDH incurs significant long-term morbidity, mortality, and socioeconomic costs due to poor fetal lung development. The ultimate goal of the proposed STTR project is to apply novel technologies to develop a miniature device for treatment of CDH.

* information listed above is at the time of submission.

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